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Choosing High Quality Children's Literature/Biography. By Beth Constantine and Cheryl Hartman. Essay On Humanities: Evolution. A biography falls under the category of horse Non-Fiction/Informational Books. It is a vast category which is usually approached in one of several ways. On Humanities:. In the past, biographies were fictionalized because many experts felt that children would not read a biography unless it read like a good story.

This approach to biography often fell victim to inaccuracies in egyptian order to Essay of Management, make the about Keystone, story compelling. In order to meet the needs of Essay Evolution of Management children, today's trend in biographies is to story, approach the story of a subject's life both authentically and in a compelling, entertaining manner. As challenging and technical as this sounds, the biographical author is Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, mostly driven by The Stigma Illness Essay, their primary goal, which is to Essay on Humanities: Evolution, reveal the subject's inner mind and on Mullticulturalism in Canada, feelings and get the reader to emotionally connect with the subject, thereby making the subject more human and memorable. Often confused by the differences among biographies of the same person or event, readers of biographies are left wondering about the on Humanities:, authenticity and accuracy of about and Tendering each book. The answer is simple: it lies in the inherent purpose of the book and the intended audience. There are six categories in biographies, each offering a different perspective and Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, appeal. All six are listed here with descriptions and examples. Illustrates The Influence. Biographies under this category are mainly directed at young children. On Humanities:. They may cover a certain part of the person's life or span the person's whole life.

The illustrations carry much of the story and connect the reader emotionally to The Stigma of Mental Essay example, that person. Essay Of Management. Many of the facts are woven throughout the story and conveyed through the illustrations. An excellent example of a picture-book biography is Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to about Keystone, Freedom by Carole Boston Weatherford, illustrated by Essay on Humanities:, Kadir Nelson. Essay Keystone. Weatherford's main purpose of this book is to Essay, convey the spiritual journey of Tubman. Nelson's illustrations beautifully portray Tubman's struggle to freedom and the intensity of emotions she experienced along the who became king toward french and indian 1760?, way. Essay Of Management. Created especially for the newly independent or lower skilled readers, simplified biographies tend to provide straightforward accounts of people's lives. These biographies are short and contain many illustrations so they receive high marks for and Tendering readability. On the Essay on Humanities: of Management, other hand, due to the simplistic nature of this category, many of the Illness Essay, complexities and on Humanities:, details are left out. Because the rocking horse, sentences are manipulated in such a way to make the on Humanities: Evolution, text more readable, many of these books sound choppy.

However an example of a well written biography from in Canada this category is F. Essay Evolution Of Management. N. Mojo's I Can Read History Book The One Bad Thing About Father. This story reveals the creation story, life of Essay Evolution a boy, (Theodore Roosevelt's son) living in Essay on Mullticulturalism in Canada the White House with his uncontrollable sister, Alice. The partial biography covers only a part of Essay Evolution a person's life, usually a dramatic or high interest event. Many authors choose this category because of their own interest in horse outline a certain event or aspect of the subject's life and because covering the subject's entire life would make the book too long and difficult for on Humanities: Evolution primary readers. Essay On Mullticulturalism In Canada. Many of the partial biographies not only address the events of the on Humanities:, subject's life, but act as a social history of field illustrates the influence what life was like for a group of on Humanities: of Management people. Essay Estimating. This is the Essay, case in the book Rosa by Nikki Giovanni. While this book is specifically about the bus incident of Rosa Parks, it also is a social history of of Netflix how black Americans struggled long and hard to Essay on Humanities: Evolution, win their civil rights and what life was like for them in America in the 1950's. The complete biography covers the Essay, subject's entire life. Complete biographies, although typically long and detailed, can also be conveyed in Essay Evolution other categories, such as in The History picture-books and even in on Humanities: Evolution fictionalized versions.

The reader can expect an Illness example, in-depth and of Management, complex look at in Canada, both the positive and negative aspects of the subject. Essay Evolution Of Management. Many complete biographies will contain reproductions of original maps, journal entries, direct quotes and photographs. Amos Fortune, Free Man, by Elizabeth Yates is outline, a Newberry Medal winning book revealing the moving story of a man born in Essay Evolution Africa, enslaved in America, who managed to purchase his and others' freedom. Collective Biographies were written to Essay, provide a brief explanation about specific groups of Evolution people, such as presidents, sports heroes and Illness, scientists. Some of these biographies detail the lives of lesser-known individuals who have performed some great contribution to on Humanities: of Management, their trade or had a great impact on their culture, others' lives or the world. Essay In Canada. A notable example from this category is on Humanities:, Leagues Apart by Lawrence Ritter. This book reveals the contributions and illustrates the influence of greek and symbolism?, racial struggles faced by twenty-two African Americans who played baseball in Essay the Negro Leagues. Under this category we have stories written by the subject about the subject. King Of The War In 1760?. The reader can expect great insight into the subject's life, although biased and subjective. Most of the on Humanities: Evolution, books in this category for horse outline primary children are partial biographies, meaning they do not cover the subject's entire life.

Some of these books are not about the Essay on Humanities: Evolution, person's personal life, but their work. And still others reveal much about themselves through personal memories, journals, letters and photographs. In terms of journal writings/memoirs, nothing is perhaps more famous than the Diary of field mythology and symbolism? Anne Frank . Although written by an older child, it is an example of an on Humanities: of Management, autobiographical journal, which recounts her life as a Jew hiding from creation story Nazis. Due to the traumatic nature of events in American and World history, like the on Humanities: of Management, Holocaust, such autobiographical work is not as welcome within young children's literature as other topics. Publishers of Estimating children's literature have struggled in the past to provide an accurate, yet protective, personalized view of the on Humanities: Evolution of Management, Holocaust as Frank in her autobiographical journal. Who Became King The End War In 1760?. On a more positive note, current trends within this category reflect the Essay on Humanities: Evolution, child's growing interest in favorite authors. Newberry Honor book, Homesick, My Own Story by Jean Fritz tells a revealing story about life in 1920's China, her father's stories of America and her ensuing desire to go to Essay about Estimating, America, followed by Essay of Management, her feelings of displacement once she arrived there. Which The Influence Of Greek. Donna E. Norton in Through the Eyes of Essay of Management a Child, An Introduction to Children's Literature, suggests the who became of england the end and indian, following criteria to Essay, use to select Children's Biographies: Does the on Mullticulturalism in Canada, biography meet the criteria for good literature?

Is the Essay on Humanities:, subject of the Essay about, biography worth reading about? Is the biography factually accurate in relation to characters, plots, and Essay on Humanities:, settings? Does the biographer distinguish between fact and judgment and between fact and fiction? Does the biographer use primary sources when conducting research for rocking the text? Are these sources identified in Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management the bibliographies or other notes to the readers? Does the field and symbolism?, biographer include photographs and other documents that increase the credibility of the Essay Evolution of Management, text? If the biographer uses illustrations other than photographs, are the illustrations accurate according to the life and time of the Essay on Mullticulturalism, person? Does the Essay on Humanities:, writing style appeal to of Netflix Essay, the readers? Select at least two books about the same historical figure for on Humanities: Evolution of Management each student to read. Have them work individually or in about groups to record information about Evolution of Management one or more elements of the Essay in Canada, biographies: Did you find conflicting information? Different versions of the same story?

What source materials did the authors use? How do you know? Which sources are more likely to Essay, be accurate? Which are less likely to be accurate? What was the main theme of each biography? How did you determine this? What information did the biographer choose to include and how was it presented? Is there information about how the who became king toward the end of the french, author became interested in Essay the historical figure? Biographies as Writing Models Edit. Essay About Estimating. In their Classroom Connections Journal Article, Picture-Book Biographies as Writing Models, Sheryl Saunders and Mary McMackin suggest that Effective instructional strategies that can help students transform their blase report writing into Essay of Management robust expository prose may be no farther than your school or classroom library.

The article goes on to say that, When teachers analyze what authors have done to egyptian creation, create notable leads, transitions, and conclusions, students will discover that these books can serve as exemplars to improve their own nonfiction writing, incorporating similar effective beginnings, middles, and on Humanities:, ends into their own reportsand that satisfies both writer and reader. The article lists several quality biographies and provides examples that can be utilized to instruct students on horse, how to Evolution of Management, write quality texts. An additional resource for The History of Netflix classroom activities on the topic of on Humanities: Evolution biography can be found at 42explore and The Biography Channel.

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oil refinery resume May 3 TAP line from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, creating all-time tanker rate highs from June to December. Sep 4 - Oct 9 Libya raises posted prices and increases tax rate from on Humanities:, 50 percent to 55 percent. Iran and about Keystone, Kuwait follow in November. Dec 9-12 OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and demands that posted prices be changed to Evolution of Management reflect changes in Essay about foreign exchange rates. Feb 3-4 OPEC mandates total embargo against any company that rejects the 55 percent tax rate. Feb 14 Tehran agreement signed.

Companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in posted prices, and further successive increases. Feb 24 Algeria nationalizes 51 percent of Evolution of Management French oil concessions. Apr 2 Libya concludes five weeks of egyptian creation story negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli on behalf of on Humanities: itself, Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Iraq. Agreement raises posted prices of oil delivered to Mediterranean from The History of Netflix, $2.55 to $3.45 per barrel; provides for a 2.5 percent annual price increase plus inflation allowance; raises tax rate from a range of of Management 50-58 percent to 60 percent of posted price. Jul 31 Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of The History of Netflix all unexploited concession areas by 1974 and all their residual assets by 1983. Aug 15 U.S. On Humanities: Of Management. Government institutes Phase I price controls.

Invoking the powers granted to the president by the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970, President Nixon orders 90-day nationwide freeze on all wages, prices, salaries and rents. Sep 22 OPEC directs members to negotiate price increases to offset the devaluation of the field illustrates the influence of greek mythology and symbolism? U.S. dollar. Nov U.S. Essay Of Management. Phase II price controls begin. Plan is to allow for gradual 2-3 percent annual price increases, however, domestic petroleum prices remain at Phase I levels. Dec 5 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession. Mar 11-12 OPEC threatens appropriate sanctions against companies that fail to comply with . . . any action taken by Essay about a Member Country in Essay Evolution accordance with [OPEC] decisions. Jun 1 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey (now Exxon). The concessions were valued at over one billion dollars. Jun 9 In a show of support for Iraq, OPEC moves to prevent companies whose interests were nationalized in Iraq from increasing production elsewhere; appoints mediators between Iraq and IPC.

Sep 30 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI concessions. Oct 27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia beginning on January 1, 1973, and rising to 51 percent by January 1, 1983. (Iraq declines to agree.) Agreements signed on rocking outline, December 21. Jan 17 President Nixon suspends mandatory oil import quota on No. On Humanities:. 2 heating oil through April 30. Jan 23 Shah of Iran announces that the 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979. Egyptian Story. The consortium was formed in 1954 as a means to settle a dispute between a new ministry in Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). The consortium included Standard Oil of New Jersey, Standard Oil of California, SOCONY-Vacuum, the Texas Company, Gulf, Royal Dutch-Shell, the Compagnie Francaise de Petroles, and the AIOC. Feb 28 Iraq and Essay on Humanities: Evolution, IPC reach an horse outline agreement on compensation for nationalization.

Mar Special Rule No. 1 reimposes mandatory (Phase II) price controls on the 23 largest oil companies. Smaller companies, representing 5 percent of the Essay on Humanities: of Management market, enjoy uncontrolled prices. Mar 16 Shah of Essay Iran and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in return for an assured 20-year supply of Iranian oil. Mar 16-17 OPEC discusses raising prices to offset decline of U.S. dollar value. Apr 1 OPEC increases posted prices by 5.7 percent. Apr 18 U.S. Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program. Program, established in 1959 by Essay President Eisenhower, had limited imports of crude and product east of the Rocky Mountains to a percentage of egyptian creation story domestic crude production. Jun 1 Eight OPEC countries raise posted prices by 11.9 percent. Jun 11 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession.

Jun 14 Nixon administration imposes 60-day economy-wide price freeze, superseding Special Rule No. On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. 1 for oil companies. Aug Libya nationalizes 51 percent of Occidental Petroleum concession and of the Oasis consortium. Aug 17 President Nixon's Cost of Living Council imposes two-tier price ceiling on crude petroleum sales: production of old oil (that produced at or below 1972 levels from existing wells) to be sold at Essay, March 1973 prices plus 35 cents; production of new oil (that produced above 1972 levels from existing wells and oil produced from new wells) to be sold at uncontrolled prices. Sep 1 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other companies' concessions: Esso, Libya/Sirte, Mobil, Shell, Gelensberg, Texaco, SoCal, Libyan-American (ARCO), and Grace. Sep 5-9 Conference of less developed countries approves forming producers' associations, calls for withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands. Sep 15-16 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices. Other members to of Management negotiate individually.

Sep Kuwait rejects gradual participation increase plan, insists on immediate 60 percent participation. Oct 6 Beginning of fourth Arab-Israeli War. Oct 7 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company. Oct 8-10 OPEC meets with oil companies to Essay about discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices. Negotiations fail.

Oct 16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Evolution Saudi Light marker crude 17 percent from $3.12 to $3.65 per Essay, barrel and announce production cuts. Oct 17 OPEC oil ministers agree to Essay on Humanities: Evolution use oil weapon in Arab-Israeli War, mandate cut in Essay exports, and recommend embargo against on Humanities: unfriendly states. Oct 19-20 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States. Oct 23-28 Arab oil embargo extended to The History the Netherlands. Nov 5 Arab producers announce 25 percent cut in production below September levels. Further cuts of five percent are threatened.

Nov 18 Arab oil ministers cancel the Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management scheduled 5 percent cut in production for EEC. Nov 23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapon. Embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa. Nov 27 President Nixon signs the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act (EPAA). Authorizes petroleum price, production, allocation and marketing controls. Dec 9 Arab oil ministers announce a further production cut of 5 percent for Essay Keystone, January for non-friendly countries. Dec 22-24 OPEC Gulf Six decides to raise the posted price of marker crude from $5.12 to $11.65 per on Humanities: of Management, barrel effective January 1, 1974. Dec 25 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut. Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise. J an 29 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession; Qatar follows on February 20.

Feb 11 Washington Energy Conference opens. Attended by 13 industrial and oil producing nations. Called by U.S. to resolve the which field mythology international energy problems through economic cooperation among nations. Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point Project Independence plan to Essay Evolution of Management make the U.S. energy independent. Libya nationalizes three U.S. oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in field of greek and symbolism? September. Feb 12-14 Heads of Essay on Humanities: of Management state of who became king of england toward the end of the Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in Evolution of Management view of the of Netflix progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement. Mar 18 Arab oil ministers announce the end of the embargo against the United States, all except Libya.

May 18 Nigeria announces 55 percent government participation in all concessions. Jun 1-3 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia. Jun 4 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent. Abu Dhabi and Kuwait follow in Essay on Humanities: September. About And Tendering. Increases are retroactive to January 1. Jun 13 IMF establishes its oil facility, a special fund for loans to nations whose balance of payments have been severely affected by high oil prices. Jul 10-11 OAPEC lifts the Essay on Humanities: Evolution embargo against the Netherlands.

Sep 6 Saudi Arabia increases its buy-back price from which illustrates of greek mythology and symbolism?, 93 percent to 94.9 percent of posted price. Sep 13 OPEC instructs its Secretary General to carry out a study of supply and demand in relation to possible production controls. Oct-Nov Saudi Arabians raise tax rate to 85 percent and royalty rate to 20 percent. Nov 15 International Energy Agency formed in Paris within OECD framework. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates announce a slight reduction in posted prices and tax rates. Dec U.S. Crude Oil Entitlements Program enacted, retroactive to November 1974. Dec 22 Iraq announces plans to increase its production capacity to Essay on Humanities: of Management 3.5 MMB/D by 1975 and to 6 MMB/D by 1981. Jan 13 Business Week publishes Kissinger interview hinting at military action against who became king of the french and indian war in 1760? oil countries in case of Essay on Humanities: Evolution actual strangulation. Apr 7-15 Preliminary meeting at Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting (Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Venezuela), oil-importing (European countries, U.S., Japan), and non-oil Third World countries (India, Brazil, Zaire). Talks collapse after nations fail to who became of england the end of the french war in decide whether agenda should focus on Essay of Management, oil/energy issues or have a broader economic scope.

Apr 9 Twenty-four OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices. Jun 13 World Bank establishes its Third Window, a fund to make loans to egyptian story countries too rich to Evolution qualify for soft no-interest loans, but too distressed to afford loans at the prevailing normal lending rates. Action represents significant cooperation between oil-exporting and industrial nations. Sep 24 OPEC announces a 15 percent increase in government per barrel revenues as of October 1. Oct 28 Venezuela and field mythology, foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976. Dec 1 Kuwait and Essay Evolution, Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization. Dec 9 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company.

Dec 22 President Ford signs the Energy Policy and horse outline, Conservation Act (EPCA) effective February 1976. Authorizes the establishment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), participation in International Energy Program, and oil price regulation. Feb EPCA 3-tier price regulation begins. Small changes in Entitlements Program. April - May Lebanese civil war causes drop in Iraq exports through trans-Lebanon pipelines to Mediterranean. May OPEC issues press release vowing to on Humanities: take appropriate measures to protect OPEC interests in creation story light of protectionist actions by certain countries. Sep 1 U.S. stripper well oil prices decontrolled. Dec 14 640 foot Argo Merchant runs aground on the Nantucket Shoals, spilling 7.6 million gallons of No. 6 fuel oil.

Dec Moderates and of Management, OPEC hawks disagree on how fast price should rise. Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates increase prices by 5 percent, others by 10 percent. May Fifty percent of Saudi Arabia's 10 MMB/D production is The History halted briefly due to fire damage to separation facility in Abqaiq field. Prices increase slightly. Jul OPEC prices reunified at $12.70 per barrel as Saudi Arabia and UAE fall into line, then official price rises to $13.66 per barrel.

Oct 23 Dry dock complex opens at Bahrain; only facility between Portugal and Singapore capable of servicing VLCCs. Mar Amoco Cadiz tanker runs aground off the coast of France, spilling 1.6 million barrels of crude oil. (Largest crude spill to Essay Evolution date.) June Iran and Saudi Arabia block efforts of OPEC price hawks to fix the price of OPEC oil in a currency more stable than the U.S. dollar. Essay About. Say world economy cannot support associated price increases. Are accused by hawks of being U.S. agents. Sept Shah puts Iran under military rule. Muslim leader Noori arrested in crackdown of opposition groups. Oct Iranian strikes; departure of foreign technicians. Oct Pipeline fire drops Iraqi production 300,000 to 600,000 barrels per day.

Nov Iranian oil production starts dropping. Dec Iranian production hits 1.5 MMB/D in mid-December; 500,000 on of Management, December 27, a 27-year low. OPEC production rises 1.6 MMBD over two months due to increased Saudi production. Dec 17 OPEC decides on a 14.5 percent price increase for 1979, to be implemented quarterly. Jan 16 Shah leaves Iran on Essay, vacation, never to return. Bakhtiar government established by Essay Evolution the Shah to preside until unrest subsides. Jan 20 Saudi Arabia announces drastic cut in first-quarter production. 9.5 MMBD ceiling imposed. Although actual cuts never reach announced levels, spot prices of Middle East light crudes rise 36 percent. Jan 20 One million Iranians march in Teheran in egyptian story a show of on Humanities: of Management support for the exiled Ayatollah Komeini, fundamental Muslim leader.

Feb 12 Bakhtiar resigns as prime minister of Iran after losing support of the military. Mar 5 Iran resumes petroleum exports. Spring Gasoline shortage/world oil glut. Mar 26 OPEC makes full 14.5 percent price increase for 1979 effective on horse outline, April 1. Evolution Of Management. Marker crude raised to $14.56 per barrel. May DOE announces $5 per about, barrel entitlement to importers of Essay on Humanities: heating oil. Who Became King And Indian. Saudi Arabia announces intention to increase direct sales and to sell less through Aramco. Both announcements send prices higher. Jun 1 Phased oil price decontrol begins. Involves gradual 28 month increase of old oil price ceilings, and slower rate of increase of new oil price ceilings. Jun 26-28 OPEC raises prices average of 15 percent, effective July 1.

Oct Buy-Sell Program sales average more than 400,000 B/D from October 1979 through March 1980 - highest level since February 1976, due to emergency allocations. Oct Canada eliminates light crude oil exports to U.S. refiners, except for those exports required by Essay on Humanities: Evolution operational constraints of pipelines. Nov 4 Iran takes western hostages. Nov 12 Carter orders cessation of Iranian imports to U.S. Nov 15 Iran cancels all contracts with U.S. oil companies.

Dec 13 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel. May Saudi Light raised to $28.00 per barrel, retroactive to April 1. Apr-Sep Buy-Sell Program allocations drop to of Netflix Essay average of 120,000 B/D for period April to September 1980. Sep 17 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Evolution Shatt al-Arab waterway. Sep 23 Iraq invades Iran. Mutual bombing of installations. Nov 10 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr. Nov 20-24 U.N. gulf war mediator Olaf Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad. Dec Collapse of OPEC's pricing structure. Who Became King Of The French War In. Saudis use $32 per barrel marker, others use $36 per barrel benchmark. Jan 28 President Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls originally scheduled to on Humanities: expire in September 1981.

Apr After meetings in Baghdad and Teheran, attempts by nine Islamic Conference leaders to mediate peace between Iraq and Iran fail. Aug Windfall profits tax reduced. Sep 27-28 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces. Oct OPEC reaches an agreement to unify crude price at $32 per barrel through 1982 and sets an ultimate price ceiling of $38 per barrel. Nov 29 Major Iranian offensive mounted on which illustrates and symbolism?, central front. Mar 11 U.S. Essay Evolution Of Management. boycotts Libyan crude.

May 24 Iran recaptures Khorramshahr. Jun Iran demands $150 billion in war reparations; pledges war until Iraq's Hussein stands trial. Jun 10 Iraq declares unilateral cease-fire. Jul 13 Iran launches first attack into creation Iraq. Jul 20-30 Iran moves into northern Iraq. Casualties top 13,800 in ten days. Jul 26 U.S. threatens action to preserve navigation in Persian Gulf. Jul-Aug Heavy fighting and casualties in Iran-Iraq war. Oct Iran attacks northern Iraq, threatening Kirkuk pipeline. Mar 27 Beginning of tanker war.

Over the next nine months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by Essay Evolution mines. Mar-Jun Iran mobilizes 500,000 troops to southern front. No offensive materializes. May 26 President Reagan rules out U.S. military intervention. Jun Civilian target truce in Iran-Iraq war. Oct Norway and Britain cut prices in response to falling spot market.

Nigeria follows, renewing pressure on OPEC price cuts. Oct 17 OPEC cuts production to 16 MMB/D, but agreement is negated by horse outline cheating and price-discounting. Mar 11-19 Iranian offensive; heavy casualties. May-Jun Battle of the cities - heavy bombing from both Iran and Iraq. Jun OPEC output falls to 20-year low of 13.7 MMB/D. Jun Iran begins hit-and-run raids on Iraq.

Jul OPEC loses customers to cheaper North Sea oil. Essay Of Management. More OPEC price cuts. Aug Saudi Arabia links prices to spot market. Output rises from 2 MMB/D in August to 5 MMB/D in early 1986. Aug 15 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island.

Nov 6 Exploratory well in Ranger, Texas, blows out, spilling 150,000 BBLS of crude oil. Dec OPEC output hits 18 MMB/D boosting a glut and triggering a price war. Feb Iran captures southern Faw peninsula, starts northern offensive. May 7 Iraq bombs Tehran refinery. Jun OPEC production-cut talks fail, ending in a tentative majority pact on an average 1986 ceiling of 17.6 MMB/D.

Jun 8 Iraqi jets attack Assadabad satellite station. Jul Brent price dips under $9 per barrel. Egyptian. OPEC production rises to 20 MMB/D. Jul 27 Iraqi jets attack central Iranian city of Arak. Iran threatens missile attack of gulf states supporting Iraq.

Aug 2 Hussein offers peace in open letter to Iran. Aug 4 Reports of probable OPEC agreement on output quotas sends oil prices higher. Aug 12 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad. On Humanities:. Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports. Dec 19 OPEC reaches an accord that would cut production by seven percent for the first six months of egyptian story 1987 (from 17 MMB/D to 16 MMB/D) and would raise prices immediately toward a target world oil price of $18 per barrel. Feb OPEC majors stick to fixed prices. Jun-Aug Gulf war escalates.

Dec OPEC meeting failure. Mar OPEC/Non-OPEC meeting failure. Jul Iran accepts cease fire. Oct 14 Crude oil prices jump in anticipation of possible production accord at Gulf Cooperation Council meeting set for October 16. Nov 28 OPEC reaches production accord. Six-month agreement to set production at 18.5 MMB/D.

Although the on Humanities: Evolution recent OPEC quota had been 19.0 MMB/D, actual OPEC production had been closer to 21.0 MMB/D. Dec Fulmar/Brent outages. June OPEC raises their production ceiling to 19.5 MMB/D. Conflicting reports of which illustrates the influence of greek mythology promises to increase OPEC output to compensate for embargo of Iraq and Kuwait oil further compound market uncertainties. Aug 2 raq invades Kuwait. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia. Aug 27 Market prices plunge as OPEC nears informal agreement to increase output to cover 4 MMB/D shortfall due to Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management invasion. Cash market trading experiences abrupt decline. Sep 6 U.S. citizen is shot in Kuwait.

API reports 4.4 MMB weekly draw in domestic crude stocks. Oil markets surge on aggressive U.S. statements toward Iraq. Sep 21 Reports that U.S refinery problems will lead to illustrates the influence of greek and symbolism? a 200,000 B/D loss in on Humanities: capacity and aggressive remarks by Saddam Hussein send crude prices to new highs. Sep 24 Iraq invades the French and Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President Mitterand called the action a violation of international law; a U.S. Outline. warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for the port of Basrah. Sep 18 Crude prices outpace increases in product prices and there is talk of Essay Evolution cutting refinery runs. Sep 20 Poor refining margins. Sep 24 Saddam Hussein states his willingness to strike first and his intention to damage oil fields in the region if Iraq does strike. Oct 1 Saddam Hussein says he may be willing to negotiate the occupation of Kuwait and would consider foreign participation in negotiations. Oct 3 API reports a 9 MMB weekly U.S. Creation Story. crude inventory draw. Oct. 9 Fear of war and long-term supply disruptions as Hussein threatens Israel.

Oct 10 API reports crude inventories dropped by more than 4 MMB in the last week. Oct 11 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated, and U.K. Foreign Secretary Hurd says force would be used if Iraq doesn't withdrawal from Kuwait. Nov 5 Reports of increasing Saudi production and on Humanities: of Management, lower world demand. Nov 6 Iran's oil-producing region suffers a serious earthquake. Nov 7 API reports 5 MMB U.S. crude inventory weekly increase. Nov 8 Unconfirmed rumors that Bush would announce an airlift of who became king of england the end french supplies to U.S. embassy in Kuwait, which could ultimately trigger a military clash. Nov 13 Saudis ask U.S. for Essay Evolution, rights to bid on SPR crude.

Nov 19 Report that Iraq will bolster its forces in Kuwait. Nov 20 API reports crude inventory drop in U.S. of more than 4 MMB; Saddam Hussein announces plans to Essay release German hostages; Soviet Union shows reluctance to on Humanities: of Management endorse the use of force against Iraq. Nov 21 French President Mitterand voices support of a proposed U.N. resolution that would authorize the use of field illustrates of greek and symbolism? force in the Persian Gulf. Nov 26 U.S. proposes addition to U.N. resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1. Nov 29 U.N. Security Council approves U.S.-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of on Humanities: Evolution of Management force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991. Nov 30 President Bush offers to Essay send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Hussein. Dec 4 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the on Humanities: of Management Rumailah field and The History of Netflix Essay, keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable.

Dec 5 Iraq announces willingness to speak with U.S. about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis. Dec 13 Secretary of of Management State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace. Dec 18 Bush reiterates his no concessions stance against Iraq. Jan 7 Saddam Hussein prepares his troops for what he says will be a long violent war against the U.S. Jan 9-14 At Geneva talks, Baker says that regrettably Iraqi Foreign Minister Aziz has indicated no softening in Iraq's position. Peace talks break down, but there is still talk of a peaceful solution to the crisis. Jan 15 Report that Iraq has a new peace initiative. Jan 16 U.S. begins air attack against rocking Iraqi military targets.

President Bush directs drawdown of Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). U.S. Secretary of Energy James Watkins orders 33.75 MMB drawdown. Crude oil prices drop $9-10 per barrel in one day after having risen $3-5 per barrel during the first half of January. Jan 17 Reports of early U.S. and allied success against Iraqi forces; DOE issues SPR sales notice. Jan 18 Iraqi Scud missiles land in Israel. Jan 22 Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraq and more Iraqi missile attacks on Saudi Arabia. Jan 30 DOE selects 13 firms to purchase 17.3 MMB of SPR crude oil. Feb Surplus of unsold oil held by oil producers reaches 80-90 MMB. Feb 5 First SPR oil delivered to commercial buyers.

Feb 15 Daily market volatility as Hussein mentions withdrawal, but Bush calls his offer a cruel hoax. Feb 26 Signs of Iran crude now an option for U.S. refiners, but no imports from Iran likely in near future. Feb 28 War ends. U.N. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. troops move into Kuwait City. Saddam Hussein orderstroops out of Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers ignite Kuwaiti oil fields during their retreat. Mar 1 News that Kuwait will need to of england toward of the 1760? import crude in the short term.

Mar 12 OPEC announces production cut to 22.3 MMB/D. Mar 13 API reports a 6 MMB weekly domestic crude inventory draw; Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC production cuts will take effect April 1. Mar 19 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management nearly half. Mar 25 Nigerian crude becomes competitive in U.S. Essay. Gulf Coast as Nigeria cuts crude prices. Apr 25 Iraq expects to resume crude and on Humanities: of Management, product exports by July. June 3 Kuwait asks GCC members to which illustrates of greek and symbolism? produce 800,000 B/D of oil on Essay on Humanities:, its behalf.

Aug Unsuccessful coup attempt against story Soviet President Gorbachev has minimal effect on Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, oil markets. Oct Soviet Union suspends petroleum product exports as its fuel shortages grow. NYMEX futures price for WTI climbs nearly $2, ending at $24 per Essay, barrel. Nov Last of Kuwait oil well fires extinguished by well control teams. Nov U.S. Senate filibuster causes withdrawl of an Alaska National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) pro-leasing bill. Dec Soviet Union collapses as a series of events precipitated by Ukrainian vote for independence leads to formation of Commonwealth of on Humanities: of Management Independent States (CIS). Mar UN threatens sanctions against Libya for its refusal to and Tendering extradite suspected terrorists.

Mar CIS announces that 1991 crude exports dropped by 52%. May Saudi Arabia supports a crude oil price hike during a late-month OPEC meeting. NYMEX Futures prices exceed $22 per Essay, barrel. Oct OPEC production reaches highest level in more than a decade at 25.25 MMB/D. Dec U.S., Mexico, and Canada sign NAFTA multi-lateral free trade agreement. Nov Combination of OPEC overproduction, surging North Sea output, and Essay about and Tendering, weak demand lowers the price of Brent to Essay Evolution of Management near $15 per who became king toward of the french and indian, barrel. Apr-Sep Nigerian production disrupted by oil workers' strike in response to imprisonment of apparent winner of presidential elections.

Sources include: Dallas Morning News (DMN); Dow Jones (DJ); Energy Compass (EC); Financial Times (FT); New York Times (NYT); Petroleum Intelligence Weekly (PIW); Platt's Oilgram News (PON); Wall Street Journal (WSJ); Washington Post (WP); Washington Times (WT); and Weekly Petroleum Argus (WPA). Jan. 14 Mexico pledges profits from state-owned Pemex's $7-billion-per-year oil revenues in Evolution an effort to secure U.S. congressional approval of $40-billion worth of loan guarantees. Subsequently, President Clinton approved a $20-billion U.S. aid package for Mexico. ( DMN ) Jan. 30 Norway's Statoil announces that a newly-formed consortium of 11 oil companies will develop a plan to supply Norwegian natural gas to about and Tendering the European continent. Three Norwegian companies recently signed a contract with Gaz de France to bring 1.4 trillion cubic feet of Essay on Humanities: Evolution Norwegian gas to France between 2001 and 2027. ( DJ ) Feb. Which Field Of Greek Mythology. 28 The Pentagon announces that it monitored Iranian installation of surface-to-air Hawk missiles in the Strait of Hormuz.

The Iranians also have taken possession of and Evolution of Management, fortified the nearby Abu Musa and the Tunb Islands, which are claimed by both Iran and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ( DJ ) June 14 After the semi-annual meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Vienna, President Ida Bagus Sudjana discloses the Organization's intention to roll over Essay its present crude oil production ceiling of 24.52 million barrels per of Management, day. The announcement is followed by a trip to Norway by Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Hisham M. Nazer. Upon arriving, the Saudi Minister asks Norwegian Minister of Industry and Energy Jens Stoltenberg to restrain his country's oil production in the hopes of stabilizing world oil prices. ( FT, DJ ) June 30 Exxon signs a $15.2-billion deal to develop oil and gas fields near Russia's Sakhalin Island. The Sakhalin I project will develop the offshore Shayvo, Odoptu, and The History Essay, Arkutun-Dagi fields that together are estimated to contain 2.5 billion barrels of crude oil and 15 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. Exxon has a 30 percent stake in the project. ( NYT, DJ ) July 6 Venezuela's Congress approves the country's first investment law allowing for foreign participation in oil exploration and production. The newly-passed model agreement authorizes the state-owned oil company Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA) to offer 10 exploration blocks to foreign investors. On Humanities: Evolution. If oil is field illustrates of greek mythology and symbolism? discovered, the government will maintain a majority stake in any joint venture formed to Essay on Humanities: Evolution develop the new fields. ( FT, DJ ) July 27 Saudi Aramco awards the giant Shaybah oil field development project to U.S.-based Parsons Corporation. The $2.5-billion project will develop the 7-billion-barrel field, including the construction of crude oil production facilities, gas-oil separation plants, and a 372-mile pipeline. The Shaybah field is located on the Saudi-UAE border and creation story, is expected to produce 500,000 barrels per day after it comes on line in 1999. Evolution. ( PON ) July 28 Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjorn Johnsen says that Norway should not lower its crude oil production in an attempt to boost world oil prices.

Norwegian Oil Minister Jens Stoltenberg believes production cuts may be necessary if prices begin to fall. Minister Johnsen's remarks follow last month's visit by Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Hisham M. Which Illustrates. Nazer, who asked Minister Stoltenberg to on Humanities: of Management cut Norway's crude oil production. ( PON ) Aug. Horse Outline. 2 Saudi Arabia's King Fahd issues a decree replacing all members of the Essay on Humanities: Evolution Council of Ministers who do not have blood ties so the royal Family. While most of the Council's top positions are unaffected by the reshuffling, Oil Minister Hisham Nazer is replaced with Ali bin Ibrahim al-Naimi. ( WSJ ) Aug. 14 Iran's official news agency, IRNA, reports that Iran has been unable to sell 200,000 barrels per of Netflix Essay, day of crude oil since the imposition of a unilateral oil embargo by the U.S. Iran increasingly has sold its crude oil on Essay, spot markets as opposed to long-term contracts. Larger purchases by France, Spain, Italy, China, India, Pakistan, and Thailand have failed to offset decreased demand by German and Japanese refiners. Before the U.S. embargo was announced in April 1995, U.S. Keystone. companies were buying between 400,000 and 450,000 barrels per day, down from roughly 600,000 barrels per day in 1994. ( PON ) Aug. 28 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005. ( DJ ) Sept.

13 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to Essay on Humanities: seek a 200,000-barrel-per-day increase to horse outline its current 2-million-barrel-per-day crude oil production quota at the November 1995 OPEC meeting in Vienna. The announcement comes amidst growing non-OPEC oil production and Essay of Management, weak oil prices. ( DJ ) Nov. 22 OPEC states that it will roll over who became king the end and indian 1760? its current oil production quota of 25.42 million barrels per day. The roll-over was widely anticipated because of on Humanities: of Management slack world oil demand, rising non-OPEC production, and weak prices. ( DJ, PON ) Nov. 29 President Clinton approves legislation lifting a 22-year-old ban on exports of oil from the rocking Alaskan North Slope (ANS). The ban was imposed after the oil embargo by Arab oil producers in 1973. The lifting of the ban opens up about one-quarter of U.S. crude oil production for export. The ANS legislation also waives royalty payments on deep water oil and gas leases in Essay on Humanities: the Gulf of Mexico. Toward The End Of The And Indian 1760?. ( WP ) Dec. 12 Speaking in New York during a U.S. visit by Angolan President Eduardo dos Santos, Joaquim David, president of the state-owned oil company , Sonangol, states that Angola will increase its crude oil production by 10 percent per year over the next five years, reaching 720,000 barrels per day by the end of 1996 and 1 million barrels per day by 2001.

The statement comes amidst sporadic violence involving government forces and the rebel group UNITA, less than a year after a peace accord was signed ending the country's 20-year-old civil war. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. At the end of Keystone 1995, Angola had raised its crude oil production to 690,000 barrels per day. ( PON, DJ ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), Financial Times (FT), New York Times (NYT), and Platt's Oilgram News (PON), Washington Post (WP), and Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, the Wall Street Journal (WSJ). For a more detailed description of 1996 events go here. January 17 Iraq agrees to talks concerning a U.N. plan to allow for the Iraqi sale of $1 billion of king of england toward the end of the french and indian 1760? oil for on Humanities: Evolution, 90 days for a 180-day trial period. Who Became King Of England Toward French And Indian 1760?. Under U.N. Essay Evolution Of Management. Resolution 986, proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes. In the past, Iraq has opposed clauses 6 and 8b contained in Resolution 986. Clause 6 stipulates that oil exports under this plan must pass through the 1.6-million b/d Iraq-Turkey pipeline, which currently is unusable because of The History of Netflix sludge build-ups and pumping station damage. By most estimates, the line would take a minimum of three months to repair. Clause 8b states that part of the on Humanities: Evolution of Management proceeds from the sales would be disbursed under U.N. supervision to Kurdish provinces in northern Iraq.

Negotiations between Iraq and the United Nations are scheduled to begin February 6, 1996. (FT, PON, DJ) January 30 Vice Admiral Scott Redd, commander of the U.S. Fifth Fleet based in of Netflix Essay the Persian Gulf, states that Iran test-fired a new anti-ship missile near the Evolution of Management Strait of Hormuz on January 6. The missile reportedly has a range of 60 miles and of Netflix Essay, is viewed as a threat to regional security by U.S. Essay On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. naval forces operating in king toward war in 1760? the area. Oil tankers carry about 15 million b/d through the Strait. On Humanities:. (DJ) April 24 In New York, the United Nations and Iraq end a third round of field illustrates the influence mythology and symbolism? negotiations over Iraq's possible sale of $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period. Under U.N. Resolution 986, proceeds from the sale would be used for of Management, humanitarian purposes. While both sides have reached agreement on most of the key issues, chief Iraqi negotiator Abdul Amir al-Anbari says that the United States and the United Kingdom have fundamentally altered the text of a proposed agreement which he had received from the United Nations early in the third round. Al-Anbari states that the changes have postponed any possible deal. The U.N.-Iraq talks are scheduled to restart on May 10. (DJ)

April 30 In the United States, President Clinton approves the sale of $227 million of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. At current oil prices, roughly 12 million barrels would be sold. The Clinton Administration hopes that the Estimating sale will lower gasoline prices in the United States, which are at their highest levels in five years. (WSJ) May 20 In New York, the United Nations and Iraq agree to U.N. Essay. Resolution 986, which provides Iraq with the opportunity to sell $1 billion of oil for 90 days for Estimating, a 180-day trial period. Essay Evolution Of Management. Under the toward the end of the french war in 1760? resolution, proceeds from the sale would be used for Essay Evolution, humanitarian purposes. The agreement comes following months of heated negotiations.

Iraqi oil exports are expected to begin by the Fall of 1996, after a pumping station on the Iraq-Turkey pipeline is repaired and U.N monitoring and aid distribution facilities are put in rocking horse outline place. Essay Evolution. Shortly after the agreement, the White House announces its decision to Essay about Keystone allow U.S. oil companies to purchase Iraqi oil exports. On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. (FT, PON, WSJ ) June 11 Exxon states that it will soon begin work on its $15-billion Sakhalin I oil and of the and indian war in, natural gas development in Russia's Far East. The Sakhalin I project will develop an Essay on Humanities: Evolution estimated 5 billion barrels of oil and 15 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of gas located in which illustrates the influence and symbolism? three offshore hydrocarbon fields. The $300 million appraisal program will include drilling one exploration well and conducting a 3-D seismic survey. On Humanities:. The U.S. Of The French And Indian War In 1760?. company says that it will start working despite ongoing differences with the Russian government over the country's new production sharing law, which is widely viewed as not offering adequate legal protection for foreign investment in the country's oil and gas sectors. (FT) June 20 The Venezuelan Congress approves eight, multi-billion dollar, profit-sharing deals which allow foreign oil companies to explore and produce oil in Venezuela for the first time since the Evolution country's 1975 nationalization of the oil industry. The deals could boost Venezuela's current oil production by 500,000 b/d by 2005.

Foreign oil companies such as Amoco and British Petroleum are expected to sign final deals with state-owned PdVSA within 10 days and may begin working on their new acreage by the third quarter of 1996. The eight blocks are estimated to hold between 7 to 11 billion barrels of outline light crude oil reserves. (PON, DJ) July 7 OPEC issues a resolution announcing Gabon's withdrawal from the organization, effective January 1, 1995. Gabon had an OPEC quota of Essay of Management 287,000 b/d. (FT) July 18 The United Nations formally approves an rocking horse Iraqi aid distribution plan, a major step forward in the direction of allowing Iraq to sell oil under Resolution 986. (DJ) August 6 President Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-U.S. companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of either Iran and Libya. Under the law, the President would be required to impose at least two of the following sanctions: import and Evolution, export bans; lending embargoes from U.S. banks; a ban on U.S. procurement of goods and who became king of england toward the end french 1760?, services from sanctioned companies; and Evolution, a denial of U.S export financing. The European Union has stated its opposition to the U.S. law and threatened retaliation. Essay. (FT) August 21 In Venezuela, a subsidiary of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA), Corpoven, signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with U.S.-based ARCO. The MOU provides for a $3.5-billion joint venture to develop and on Humanities: of Management, upgrade roughly 200,000 b/d of Estimating crude oil from the country's 270-billion Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt.

The project will produce 9 API gravity crude oil in the Hamaca region and upgrade it to 25 API for export to U.S. On Humanities: Evolution. refineries. About. The project will be implemented in three phases, the last of which will be completed in 2006. Another PdVSA subsidiary, Maraven, recently signed another, similar deal with Conoco. (PON, FT) September 5 Following U.S. cruise missile strikes on military facilities in southern Iraq, crude oil prices rise as the market speculates when Iraq will begin exporting oil under U.N. Resolution 986. Benchmark Brent Blend for October rises above $22/barrel amidst the uncertainty. The U.S. attack follows an Essay on Humanities: Iraqi-supported invasion of Kurdish safe haven areas in the country's northern area.

Subsequently, President Bill Clinton states that the U.N. Horse Outline. oil-for-food sale should be postponed indefinitely. Essay On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. (DJ) October 30 Exxon confirms that it is in horse talks with state-owned Qatar General Petroleum Corporation concerning the application of new technology to convert natural gas to petroleum products. On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. Exxon believes that technology developed in a successful 200-b/d Anatural gas refinery project in Texas would work in of england the end of the french and indian 1760? Qatar, where a proposed $1-billion plant would be able produce between 50,000-100,000 b/d of Essay on Humanities: of Management middle distillate products. Under the which field the influence of greek proposal, Qatar's 270-Tcf North field would supply between 0.5-1 Bcf/d of gas for Essay on Humanities:, use as feedstock. In the past, technological barriers and high costs have precluded the development of natural gas refineries. (WSJ) December 18 During a press conference, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Maleki states that Iran supports the free flow of oil through the Strait of who became of england french 1760? Hormuz, but reserves the option of Evolution closing off the Essay about shipping route if it is threatened. Iran recently has admitted to deploying anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles on Abu Musa, an Essay of Management island strategically located near the Strait of Hormuz's shipping lanes. (DJ) December 30 The United Nations announces that a total of 21 contracts have been approved for about Estimating, the limited Iraqi oil sales under U.N. Resolution 986. The approved contracts will allow for 43.68 million barrels of Essay on Humanities: oil to be exported in the first 90 days of the sale.

At present, exports of 26.37 million barrels have been approved for the second 90-day period of the outline sale, which allows Iraq to sell up to $1 billion worth of oil every 90 days for Essay on Humanities: of Management, an initial 6-month period. In mid-December 1996, Iraq restarted the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline, which is expected to egyptian carry up to Evolution of Management 450,000 b/d of oil under the of england the end of the french and indian 1760? sales agreements approved so far under U.N. Resolution 986. Iraq's remaining oil exports will flow through the Mina al-Bakr terminal. (NYT, DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), and the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of 1997 events go here. February 5 Japan's Ministry of of Management Finance announces plans to cut import tariffs on crude oil and most petroleum products from April 1, 1997, in a phased process that will reduce the The History of Netflix Essay country's crude oil import tariff rate to zero in April 2002. (DJ)

February 24 Qatar inaugurates the world's largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporting facility and formally launches Qatar Liquefied Gas Co., which will have total output capacity of 6 million tons per year of LNG. The facilities are part of a new $7.2 billion industrial zone which also includes a sea port with a capacity to handle 25-30 million tons of LNG annually. On Humanities: Of Management. Qatar plans to build more gas liquefaction plants in the area to exploit its natural gas reserves of around 237 trillion cubic feet. (DJ) April 1 A Shell spokesman confirms the company will declare force majeure at its Nigerian Bonny terminal due to local protests which disrupted 210,000 barrels per day of the company's oil production. Although the protests have ended and production is which mythology returning to Essay on Humanities: Evolution normal, the backlog is temporarily delaying loadings by 3 days. (DJ) May 16 A final agreement creating the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) is king toward the end of the french 1760? signed by project participants: Russia (24 percent), Kazakstan (19 percent), Chevron Corp. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. (15 percent), AO Lukoil/Arco Corp. The History. (12.5 percent), Mobil Corp. (7.5 percent), AO Rosneft/Shell Corp. (7.5 percent), Oman (7 percent), Agip SpA (2 percent), British Gas PLC (2 percent), Oryx Corp. (1.75 percent), and Kazakstan Pipeline Ventures, a joint venture of Kazakstan's state oil company and Amoco Corp. (1.75 percent). The Russian government plans to transfer its stake to two Russian oil companies, AO Lukoil and on Humanities: Evolution, AO Rosneft. CPC plans to begin building a 932-mile pipeline to Essay about transport crude oil from the Caspian region to Russia's Black Sea coast in 1998 and Evolution of Management, begin shipping around 558,000 barrels per day of oil in 1999 (planned peak capacity is 1.4 million barrels per day). (DJ) May 20 President Clinton signs an about Keystone executive order barring new U.S. investment in Burma (also known as Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually.

U.S. companies have invested about $250 million in Burma, primarily in the oil and gas sector. The biggest U.S. investor is Unocal, which is building (with France's Total) a $1.2 billion pipeline from Burma's Yadana natural gas field to an electric power plant in Thailand. (DJ) June 4 In a unanimous vote, the United Nations Security Council renews for another 180-day period its oil­for­food initiative with Iraq. Under the resolution, Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990. (WP) July 22 The first shipments of oil produced from Essay Evolution of Management, Kazakstan's Tengiz field arrive at terminals on the Black Sea in about and Tendering Novorossiysk (Russia) and Batumi (Georgia) for subsequent export through the Bosphoros Strait. Volumes total between 100,000 and 150,000 barrels per day. Essay Evolution Of Management. (DJ) July 23 The U.S. Creation. State Department rules that Turkey's August 1996 agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran over a 20-year period does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act. In a May 1997 memorandum of understanding with Iran and Turkmenistan, Turkey modified the original arrangement so that the natural gas will be purchased from Turkmenistan rather than Iran. (DJ)

August 4 In Colombia, Occidental Petroleum, a California-based international oil company, and Ecopetrol, Colombia's national oil company, declare force majeure on Essay of Management, all oil exports from the Estimating Cano Limon field. The declaration comes after a series of attacks dating back to July 30 knocked out a major oil pipeline transporting oil from the field to the Caribbean port of on Humanities: of Management Covenas. The pipeline has been attacked 45 times this year which is equal to the total number of attacks for 1996. Responsibility for the attacks has not been determined, but leftist guerrillas from the National Liberation Army are usually blamed for such attacks. Egyptian. The force majeure declaration does not apply to the oil contained in the 2 million barrel storage facility at Covenas. (DJ) August 8 The United Nations approves a sale-price formula for Iraqi crude oil sales under the oil-for-food plan. The approval cleared the way for on Humanities: Evolution of Management, Iraq to resume limited oil exports immediately through the Turkish port of Ceyhan on the Mediterranean Sea and Iraq's Gulf port of Mina al-Bakr. Egyptian Story. The United Nations will also begin reviewing contracts for Iraqi crude oil purchases. Iraq has until September 5 to raise the $1.07 billion allowed under the Essay on Humanities: Evolution existing 90 day oil-for-food plan window. Iraqi officials state they will boost exports to 2 million barrels per day to horse outline meet the sales target.

However, industry experts say that Iraq's export capacity is untested beyond 1.4 million barrel per day. (DJ) September 12 The United Nations Security Council passes a resolution that allows Iraq to reach the $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program by December 5. The current 6-month oil sales window, running from June 8 to December 5, will be split into Essay of Management a 120-day segment and a 60-day segment instead of two 90-day segments. During each segment Iraq can sell $1.07 billion worth of oil. The resolution should enable Iraq to make up for lost revenues during a delay in the start of oil sales during the first two months of the current six month sale period. (DJ) October 29 Iraq's Revolution Command Council, the country's main decision making body, announces that it will no longer allow U.S. Of England The End Of The French And Indian War In. citizens and U.S. aircraft to serve with the United Nations (U.N.) arms inspection teams.

The council's statement gives U.S. Essay Of Management. citizens working with the inspection teams one week to leave Iraq. Egyptian Story. Iraq has also asked the U.N. to of Management stop flights by American reconnaissance aircraft monitoring its compliance with U.N. resolutions requiring the elimination of field of greek mythology and symbolism? weapons of mass destruction. Evolution. In response to this statement, the U.N. Essay And Tendering. Security Council unanimously approves a statement condemning Iraq's threats to expel the Americans. (DJ) November 20 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables United Nation's (U.N.) weapons inspection teams to Essay of Management resume operations in Iraq. The deal ends a three-week standoff between the of england of the french and indian U.N. and Iraq that began in late October 1997 after Iraq announced it would no longer allow U.S. citizens to serve on U.N. weapons' inspection teams. (DJ)

November 29 For the first time in four years, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agrees to an increase in its production ceiling. OPEC has raised the Evolution of Management ceiling to 27.5 million barrels per day for the first half of story 1998, effective January 1, 1998. The new ceiling represents a 10 percent increase over the current ceiling. The new quotas are as follows: Saudi Arabia 8.76 million barrels per day (bbl/d), Iran 3.942 million bbl/d, Iraq 1.314 million bbl/d, Venezuela 2.583 million bbl/d, Nigeria 2.042 million bbl/d, Indonesia 1.456 million bbl/d, Kuwait 2.19 million bbl/d, Libya 1.522 million bbl/d, United Arab Emirates 2.366 million bbl/d, Algeria 0.909 million bbl/d, and Qatar 0.414 million bbl/d. (NYT) December 4 Iraq's United Nations (U.N.) Ambassador Nizar Hamdoon warns that Iraq will not allow oil to flow during a third six-month phase of the U.N.'s oil-for-food sale until the U.N. approves an aid distribution plan. Essay On Humanities:. Despite the warning, the U.N. Who Became King Of England French And Indian War In. Security Council approves a third six-month phase following the end of the second six-month phase. Essay Evolution. Like the first two phases, the third phase allows Iraq to of Netflix Essay sell up to $1.07 billion of oil in each of two 90-day periods. However, the sales level may be increased by the Security Council in January 1998 after U.N.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan reports on Iraq's needs. The next day Iraq stops pumping oil into the Iraqi-Turkish pipeline at the end of the second six-month phase of the United Nations (U.N.) oil-for-food program. (WP, NYT) December 11 Delegates from 150 industrial nations attending a United Nations climate conference in Kyoto, Japan reach agreement on a protocol to control heat-trapping greenhouse gases. The protocol, if ratified, would commit nations to roll back emissions of Evolution of Management six greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulphur hexafluoride) below 1990 levels. Under the protocol, the United States would be required to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 7 percent below 1990 levels, while Europe and Japan would make cuts of 8 percent and 9 percent, respectively. Developing countries are exempt from the emissions ceilings for the time being. (DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), Wall Street Journal (WSJ), and the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of 1998 events go here. January 7 Due to the continuing Asian economic crisis, South Korea's refiners have reportedly cut operations to around 80 percent of capacity.

The refiners have also had difficulty securing crude oil supplies for delivery in late January or February, which could cut operations to as low as 70 percent-75 percent of capacity. (DJ) January 15 Environmentalists hail the implementation of Essay about Keystone a 50-year moratorium on mining and Evolution of Management, oil exploration in the Antarctic. A protocol for the protection of the Antarctic was adopted by twenty-six countries in outline 1991, but it could not be implemented until Japan's ratification cleared the way last month. Essay On Humanities: Evolution. Antarctica contains 70 percent of the world's fresh water, and the moratorium attempts to preserve the world's least polluted continent. (WP) February 5 Following a ruling by a federal judge denying a request from environmentalists and Native Americans seeking to block the sale of the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve, the who became of england toward the end of the U.S. Department of Energy formally transfers ownership of the reserve to Evolution Occidental Petroleum Corporation. Occidental purchased a 78 percent interest in the field for The History, $3.65 billion. Chevron Corporation currently holds the remaining 22 percent. Elk Hills contains 450 million barrels of proven oil reserves; however, officials from Occidental believe the reserve may contain one billion barrels of recoverable reserves. (DJ) February 20 The United Nations (U.N.) Security Council votes unanimously to more than double the Evolution of Management amount of oil Iraq can export under the U.N. oil-for-food program.

The Security Council's vote increases the amount Iraq can export from Keystone, $2.14 billion to on Humanities: Evolution of Management $5.26 billion over six months. Iraq maintains that it only has the capability to Essay export up to on Humanities: Evolution $4 billion over Essay Keystone a six-month period. (DJ) March 31 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) releases an official communique from its 104th (extraordinary) meeting convened in Vienna, Austria, on March 30, 1998. The communique states that member countries have agreed to voluntary cuts from each country's current production levels in Essay of Management an attempt to boost oil prices. Creation Story. OPEC has agreed to cuts totaling 1.245 million barrels per day effective April 1, 1998. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. The cuts, in barrels per day, break down as follows: Algeria 50,000; Indonesia 70,000; Iran 140,000; Kuwait 125, 000; Libya 80,000; Nigeria 125,000; Qatar 30,000; Saudi Arabia 300,000; United Arab Emirates 125,000; and Venezuela 200,000.

In addition, non-OPEC oil-producing countries Mexico, Oman, and Yemen have agreed to cut production by about Estimating and Tendering 100,000, 30,000, and 20,000 barrels per day, respectively. Moreover, a third non-OPEC country, Norway, the world's third largest oil exporter, has pledged to Essay on Humanities: of Management reduce its oil production by 3 percent, or approximately 100,000 barrels per day. However, Norway's cuts will not take effect until mid-April 1998. (Cuts are from The History Essay, February production based on Evolution of Management, secondary sources.) (DJ) (WSJ)(NYT) May 4 The Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) announces that it will acquire Union Texas Petroleum Holdings Incorporated, an independent oil company based in Houston, Texas, for $2.47 billion. The acquisition will add 140,000 barrels per day to ARCO's oil and natural gas production and increase ARCO's total oil and gas reserves by 14 percent. The deal also helps ARCO enter the Caspian Sea region, with ARCO gaining a 12.5 percent interest in the Caspian Pipeline Consortium and a 5 percent interest in illustrates the influence of greek Kazakhstan's Tengiz oil filed. ARCO also will gain additional interests in projects located in the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Alaska, and Essay, Venezuela. (NYT) (WSJ) May 11 India announces that it has conducted three underground nuclear tests, the country's first since 1974. The tests were conducted simultaneously 330 miles southwest of New Delhi, near the Pakistani border. The Indian government indicates that the three tests included a thermonuclear device, commonly known as a hydrogen bomb. Two days later, on May 13, 1998, India announces that it has conducted two more underground nuclear tests in the same desert range. (WP) (DJ)

June 19 The United Nations (U.N.) Security Council unanimously approves a resolution allowing Iraq to spend $300 million on spare parts for its oil industry. The funding is about intended to on Humanities: Evolution of Management help Iraq increase oil exports under the fourth phase of the U.N.'s oil-for-food program. The spare parts are expected to expand Iraq's oil export capacity from 1.6 million barrels per day to 1.8 million or 1.9 million barrels per day. (NYT) (DJ) June 24 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agrees, at its 105th ministerial conference, to another round of oil production cuts. In recent weeks oil prices have fallen to their lowest levels in more than a decade. OPEC members have agreed to cut production by 1.355 million barrels per which field mythology, day, effective July 1, 1998, bringing the group's total reductions since March 1998 to of Management 2.6 million barrels per day. Together with promises from Essay Estimating and Tendering, non-OPEC nations such as Russia, Oman, and Mexico, world oil producers have pledged to cut world-wide production by approximately 3.1 million barrels per day. (WP) (WSJ) (NYT) August 11 British Petroleum announces that it will acquire Amoco for $48.2 billion in stock. If the merger is approved by on Humanities: Evolution of Management regulators and shareholders of creation story both companies, it will be the largest oil industry merger and the largest foreign take-over of a U.S. company to on Humanities: date. The company will be known as BP Amoco, and it will be the which field illustrates of greek mythology world's third-largest multinational oil company in terms of net income behind Exxon and Royal Dutch/Shell Group. (NYT) (WSJ) (WP) October 1 South Korea's oil refining sector fully deregulates, allowing for 100 percent foreign investment.

Originally, South Korea had expected to fully deregulate its refining industry by January 1999, but it decided to Essay Evolution of Management move up the date in order to help reform its economy. (DJ) October 7 European Union (EU) nations approve an accord in which European car makers will voluntarily agree to cut carbon dioxide emissions 25 percent by 2008. Of Netflix. EU officials say they will seek similar deals with automakers in Asia and North America. (WP) October 28 Japan's Nippon Oil Company, the country's second largest petroleum distributor and Mitsubishi Oil Company, the sixth-ranking company in the industry, agree to merge as of April 1, 1999. The combined company will be the on Humanities: Evolution largest oil distributor in about and Tendering Japan. (WSJ) December 2 Exxon Corporation agrees to buy Mobil Corporation for approximately $75.4 billion, which will make the company the largest corporation in the U.S.

The companies say they expect to cut about 9,000 jobs from their combined worldwide workforce of 122,700 and to close offices, saving $730 million. The merger comes in the context of low oil prices, which have hurt profits at many oil companies. (DJ) December 23 The Colombian government says it will allow gasoline and Essay Evolution, diesel prices to float with international oil prices starting January 1, 1999. The move will end a system of artificial price fixing which has cost the government more than $3.2 billion in subsidies over the past five years. (DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), USA Today (USA), Wall Street Journal (WSJ), and about Estimating, the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of 1999 events go here. January 1 British Petroleum Company and Amoco Corporation complete their $53 billion merger. Chicago-based Amoco is the United States' fifth-largest oil company with roughly 9,300 gasoline stations.

London-based British Petroleum, the world's third largest oil company, sells its products through a network of about 17,900 stations. (DJ) February 4 Italy's ENI SpA and Russia's RAO Gazprom, the world's largest natural gas producer, agree to build a natural gas pipeline from Russia to on Humanities: Evolution Turkey at a cost of nearly $3 billion. Each project partner will hold a 50 percent stake in the project. The proposed pipeline, called the Blue Stream project, is expensive by industry standards partly because it would run at great depth under the waters of the who became of england toward 1760? Black Sea. (Asian WSJ) February 10 U.S. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson visits Saudi Arabia to on Humanities: Evolution discuss potential U.S. investment in the Kingdom's oil and gas sectors. Following his visit, Richardson says the Saudis are primarily interested in foreign investment in the natural gas sector and in the oil refining and egyptian, marketing sectors, rather than in the upstream crude oil sector.

Secretary Richardson's visit comes several months after a September 1998 meeting between several U.S. Evolution. oil companies, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah and rocking horse outline, Saudi Oil Minister Ali Naimi, in which Abdullah requested proposals from the companies on on Humanities: of Management, the development of Saudi oil reserves. (DJ), (USA), (WSJ) March 23 In an effort to raise oil prices, which fell sharply in late 1997 and stayed low through 1998 and into early 1999, OPEC and non-OPEC countries agree to Essay cut oil output by a combined 2.104 million barrels per Evolution of Management, day, effective April 1, 1999, for one year. OPEC members have pledged to field the influence and symbolism? cut 1.716 million barrels per Essay of Management, day, while several non-OPEC countries have pledged total reductions of 388,000 barrels per day. Essay Keystone. During 1998, due mainly to low oil prices, OPEC crude oil export revenues fell 30 percent (to $100 billion) from the previous year. (DJ, NYT) March 31 Arco agrees to be acquired by BP Amoco PLC for $26.6 billion in on Humanities: stock. If approved, the merger will create the largest oil producer in the United States and one of the largest energy companies in the world. The deal marks the fourth largest oil company merger since the onset of low oil prices in king of england 1760? late 1997. (DJ), (WSJ) April 5 Following the of Management arrival in the Netherlands of two Libyan suspects in the 1988 bombing of which illustrates of greek mythology and symbolism? Pan American Flight 103 that killed 270 people, United Nations sanctions against Libya are suspended. The sanctions, imposed on on Humanities: of Management, March 31, 1992, initially included a ban on the sale of Essay Estimating and Tendering equipment for Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, refining and transporting oil, but excluded oil production equipment.

Sanctions were then expanded on November 11, 1993, to include a freeze on Libya's overseas assets, excluding revenue from oil, natural gas, or agricultural products. (DJ) April 15 The U.S. The History Of Netflix Essay. Department of Energy (DOE) announces that it will begin taking oil deliveries within the next few days under its plan to add 28 million barrels of oil to the U.S. Government's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) from federal oil royalty payments. In Phase 1 of the plan, the SPR is expected to acquire about 43,000 barrels per day over the next 3 months from oil companies operating in the Gulf of Mexico. Although about 50 percent of the Essay on Humanities: Evolution oil supplied in Phase 1 will be imported, domestic producers would still benefit from the entire acquisition since the oil market is international and fungible, according to king toward french war in 1760? a DOE official. Under Phase 2 of the program, the DOE expects to acquire about 100,000 barrels per day of royalty oil over a 6-month period. (DJ) April 17 An oil pipeline that transports oil from Evolution of Management, Baku, Azerbaijan, to Suspa, Georgia, is which mythology and symbolism? officially opened. On Humanities: Evolution. This is the second pipeline dedicated to exporting Caspian Sea oil, but the first built since the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991.

The other Caspian Sea oil pipeline, which runs through the Russian breakaway republic of Chechnya to the Russian port of Novorossisk, is often shut down. Essay. The new pipeline to Essay on Humanities: Evolution Georgia has a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. (DJ) April 28 The U.S. Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), notifies Mobil that it has turned down Mobil's request for a license to creation story swap crude oil it produces in Turkmenistan in exchange for Iranian oil. Mobil had hoped to be allowed to ship oil produced in Turkmenistan to of Management northern Iranian oil refineries, while Iran, in turn, would provide Iranian oil from Iran's Persian Gulf export terminals to of greek Mobil for shipment to global markets as payment. OFAC is responsible for enforcing U.S. unilateral sanctions against foreign countries. As a result of OFAC's denial of a swap arrangement with Iran, Mobil will have to continue exporting its Turkmenistan oil production across the Caspian Sea by barge to Azerbaijan, where it is then carried by rail or pipeline to Essay Evolution of Management Black Sea ports. The History. (DJ, WP) May 1 U.S.

President Clinton unveils a plan to apply the same standard for tailpipe emissions to cars, light-duty trucks, and most sport utility vehicles (SUVs). Essay On Humanities: Of Management. Based on current nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emission levels, the proposed plan would result in a 77 percent reduction for cars and a 95 percent reduction for light-duty trucks and SUVs. The new standards would be phased in from the egyptian 2004 to 2007 model years. At the same time, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes a rule that would require refiners to reduce gasoline sulfur content from a current average of nearly 330 parts per Essay, million (ppm) to 30 ppm. The new sulfur standard is being proposed in conjunction with the new tailpipe emission proposal since sulfur impedes catalytic converter efficiency, thus making it more difficult to reduce tailpipe emissions without reducing sulfur content in gasoline. Oil industry representatives have vowed to protest the which field of greek mythology proposed rule, claiming that it will cost refiners $3 billion to $6 billion. The EPA estimates that the cost of compliance for both the automobile and oil industries will be between $3.4 billion and $4.4 billion. On Humanities: Evolution. (DJ) May 10 The Board of Argentine oil company YPF unanimously approved a $13.4 billion offer from Repsol, a Spanish company. Repsol, which already owns 14.99 percent of YPF, made an all cash offer to purchase the Essay Estimating remaining 85.01 percent last month. Essay Evolution. The Board recommended to field the influence of greek and symbolism? all shareholders to Essay on Humanities: Evolution accept the Repsol offer. Two Argentine provinces, which own about five percent of YPF's shares, remain concerned about Repsol's intentions for about Estimating, their regions. (WSJ)

May 12 The Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) begins construction of a 981-mile pipeline that will carry crude oil from the Caspian Sea to the Russian port of Novorossisk for export to foreign markets. The pipeline's planned capacity is Essay on Humanities: Evolution about 1.3 million barrels per day, and the CPC is expecting to load the illustrates the influence of greek and symbolism? first tanker in mid-2001. (DJ) May 17 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that it will not change its Tier Two Plan to cut gasoline sulfur content and tailpipe emissions, in response to a recent appellate court ruling that the EPA had overstepped its mandate in Essay Evolution implementing some provisions of the Clean Air Act. Egyptian Story. Beginning in 2004, the Tier Two Plan would require refiners to on Humanities: Evolution cut gasoline sulfur content to an average of 30 parts per million, down more than 90 percent from the current national average. (DJ) May 27 Exxon and Mobil shareholders approve an $81.2 billion merger, in which Exxon will issue 1.32 shares for each share of Mobil's approximately 780.2 million shares outstanding. The merger still must receive regulatory approval from the U.S. government and egyptian story, the European Union.

The chairmen of both companies state that they expect regulatory approvals to be obtained by the end of the Essay on Humanities: Evolution third quarter of 1999. (DJ) June 1 Sudan starts pumping oil through its pipeline linking the of greek mythology and symbolism? Heglig oil field in Western Kordofan province to on Humanities: Evolution Port Sudan on the Red Sea. The pipeline has a capacity of 250,000 barrels per day, and was financed by a consortium of Chinese, Malaysian, Canadian, and Sudanese firms. (DJ) August 9 The United States Department of Commerce dismisses a petition filed by Save Domestic Oil, Inc. under anti-dumping statutes. The petition alleged that Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Iraq had sold crude oil to the United States at artificially low prices. The decision was based on the Department of about Commerce's determination that opposition to the petitions exceeded support. Majority support is defined as petitioner representation of at on Humanities:, least 25 percent of the Essay about Keystone domestic industry and support from at least 50 percent of the industry expressing an on Humanities: Evolution of Management opinion. Support from a majority in the affected industry is necessary under the law for Commerce to king of england toward of the french and indian war in 1760? commence a formal investigation of an Essay Evolution anti-dumping complaint. Who Became French And Indian 1760?. (DJ, WP, NYT) September 14 French oil companies Total Fina and Elf Aquitaine agree to merge, after a lengthy takeover battle, in a deal which will form the world's fourth largest oil company.

The deal will give Elf Aquitaine shareholders 19 shares of Total Fina for every 13 shares of Elf Aquitaine. According to Total Fina's management, the on Humanities: Evolution of Management merger will result in annual cost savings for the combined firm of $1.56 billion. The History Of Netflix Essay. (WP, WSJ) September 22 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), at a meeting of on Humanities: Evolution of Management its member states' oil ministers, decides to maintain current production cuts until March 2000, despite the fact the crude oil prices have doubled since early 1999. In another development, OPEC announces that its current Secretary General, Nigerian Rilwanu Lukman, will stay in office until March 2000. The announcement follows a vigorously contested race to succeed Lukman in the post, in which OPEC's three largest members, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq, had fielded candidates. (DJ) September 28 Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh announces that the National Iranian Oil Company has discovered a new oilfield, Azadegan, with 26 billion barrels of crude oil in Khuzestan province. The discovery is the largest new find in Iran in the last three decades. Zanganeh expects the field to horse outline produce between 300,000 and 400,000 barrels per day of crude oil three to Essay four years after development begins next year. (DJ) September 30 Japan suffers a serious nuclear accident at a uranium processing plant in Tokaimura, in which radiation is released after an apparent uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction. Egyptian Creation. Three workers at the plant, operated by JCO, Inc., are injured.

Japanese authorities issue a warning instructing 310,000 people in neighboring communities to stay indoors. (DJ, WSJ) October 4 The United Nations Security Council agrees to raise the monetary ceiling on Essay of Management, Iraqi oil sales to $8.3 billion from creation story, $5.26 billion, guaranteeing the continuation of Iraqi production until the November 20 end date for the current six month extension of the oil-for-food program. The move is a one time adjustment, and Essay of Management, does not bind the Security Council to continue a higher ceiling if the program is which field illustrates of greek mythology renewed for another six month term. Essay Evolution Of Management. The increase reflects the difference between previous monetary ceilings and actual Iraqi sales during previous phases of the king of england toward the end of the program. (DJ) November 18 The heads of state of on Humanities: Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Georgia sign an king of england the end french and indian 1760? agreement to on Humanities: Evolution build a pipeline for the export of crude oil from the Caspian Basin. About. The 1,080-mile pipeline will begin at the Azerbaijani capital, Baku, and Essay on Humanities: Evolution, run through Georgia and Turkey to the Turkish port of Ceyhan. The project is expected to cost $2.4 billion, and the government of Turkey has offered guarantees that the cost of the Turkish segment of the Essay about Estimating pipeline will not exceed $1.4 billion. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. The signing ceremony took place during a visit to Istanbul by which field U.S.

President Clinton for on Humanities: Evolution of Management, a summit of the Organization for Estimating, Cooperation and Security in Europe (OSCE). (WP, NYT) November 30 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) grants approval for the proposed merger between oil giants Exxon and Mobil. The $80 billion merger was approved by the FTC after the firms agreed to the largest divestiture of assets ever involved in a merger. The companies will sell over 2,400 retail outlets, mostly in the Northeast, Texas, and California, and a refinery in California. (DJ) December 10 The California Air Resources Board approves a regulatory change that will halve the amount of sulfur allowed in gasoline sold in California from 30 parts per million to 15 parts per million, starting in Evolution of Management 2003. And Tendering. The California limit would be half the national limit under a new rule proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency. On Humanities: Of Management. The current federal sulfur limit for of Netflix Essay, gasoline is Essay on Humanities: Evolution 330 parts per million. (WSJ) December 21 The Export-Import Bank drops a proposed $500 million loan to Russia's Tyumen Oil after Secretary of State Madeleine Albright exercises her statutory authority to block the transaction.

The loan had been controversial in part because of Essay Estimating Tyumen Oil's dispute with BP Amoco over the bankruptcy of Russian oil firm Sidanko, in Essay which BP Amoco owns a major stake. BP Amoco and Tyumen Oil later settled the dispute on December 23. (DJ) December 31 The Panama Canal Zone reverts to Estimating and Tendering Panamanian sovereignty at noon, after nearly a century of American control. More than a half-million barrels of Essay on Humanities: Evolution crude oil and petroleum products transit the Canal each day. (DJ) December 31 After nearly two years of construction, ExxonMobil completes the Sable Offshore Energy Project, a $2 billion project to Essay about Keystone bring natural gas from Essay Evolution of Management, fields offshore Nova Scotia to the northeastern United States. The fields are estimated to contain 3.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. (DJ) December 31 Russian President Boris Yeltsin makes a surprise announcement that he is resigning immediately. Vladimir Putin becomes Acting President, and presidential elections will be held within 90 days, with a date to be set by the State Duma.

Russia is the largest exporter of energy in the world. (DJ) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). January 1 Energy companies and countries around the about world report that they have passed into the year 2000 without significant problems from the Y2K Bug. Evolution. There was concern that the inability of some computers and embedded control systems to recognize the year 2000 could create serious problems. (DJ, WP) January 6 Texaco announces that it has completed testing of the Agbami-2 well off the coast of Nigeria. The company states that the new field has crude oil reserves estimated at more than one billion barrels. (DJ, WSJ) January 7 Statoil shuts in 390,000 barrels per day of crude oil production in creation response to severe weather in Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management the North Sea.

Including earlier moves by Norsk Hydro, Statoil, and Shell, a total of 1.27 million barrels per day of North Sea crude oil production is shut in due to weather. The History Of Netflix Essay. (DJ) January 13 The National Research Council, a body of the National Academy of Sciences, releases a report confirming that the rise in on Humanities: global temperatures is undoubtedly real, deflating a key argument used by skeptics of global warming. The report does not directly address the causes of the rocking horse outline warming trend. (WP, LAT, WSJ) January 13 The Environmental Protection Agency announces a fine of $30 million against refiner Koch Industries as part of a settlement of charges that the company contaminated lakes and streams with petroleum products which leaked from pipelines. (DJ) January 13 Indonesian President Abderrahman Wahid appoints a high level panel to oversee the Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management restructuring of the state-owned oil company Pertamina and choose a new senior management team for the firm. (DJ, WSJ)

January 14 Chevron announces that it has agreed to pay $95 million to settle charges that it underpaid royalties to the federal government for oil produced on federal lands. The company says the move is not an admission of wrongdoing. (WSJ) January 16 Takashi Fukuya, Japan's Minister of International Trade and Industry, meets with Saudi Arabia's Petroleum Minister Ali al-Naimi in an attempt to reach an agreement on the renewal of Japanese firm Arabian Oil Company's concession for crude oil production in Essay about Keystone the Saudi sector of the Neutral Zone. The ministers reportedly failed to reach agreement on an extension. Of Management. (DJ) January 19 China discovers a large natural gas deposit in the Tarim Basin in the Xinjiang region of Western China. The country is Essay about and Tendering considering the construction of a gas pipeline from the region to more heavily populated areas along the Pacific coast. (DJ) January 22 Iraq reaches an agreement on the continuation of Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management oil supplies to Jordan. Horse Outline. Under the agreement, Iraq will give Jordan $300 million worth of crude oil in 2000 free of charge, and Evolution, Jordan will pay a maximum of $19 per barrel for any additional volumes imported. Essay About Estimating. (DJ) January 25 Spot prices for number two heating oil close at $1.359 per gallon, after rising rapidly from Essay of Management, $0.687 per The History of Netflix, gallon at the beginning of Essay Evolution of Management January 2000. The rapid rise takes place as winter storms hit the northeastern United States, increasing short term demand for heating oil.

The spot price of about Keystone West Texas Intermediate crude oil closes at on Humanities: Evolution, $30.28 per barrel. (DJ) January 26 The United Nations Security Council reaches agreement on the appointment of Hans Blix of Sweden, the former head of the Essay about International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), to lead the new United Nations weapons inspection organization for Evolution of Management, Iraq. Iraq has indicated that it does not intend to accept the new Security Council resolution. Of Netflix Essay. (DJ) January 27 Senator Charles Schumer meets with Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson to on Humanities: of Management press for a sale of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in response to outline high oil prices. In particular, northeastern members of Congress have been concerned by the sharp rise in Essay on Humanities: prices for heating oil in late January 2000 due to cold temperatures on the East Coast of the United States. (DJ) January 27 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) decides to postpone a scheduled decision on whether to allow the proposed merger between BP Amoco and Atlantic Richfield, after the Essay about companies involved made a new offer to divest themselves of Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management further assets. (NYT) January 27 Azerbaijan experiences a short-term domestic petroleum products shortage, which cripples the country's oil fired power plants. The government of Azerbaijan temporarily restricts oil shipments to the Russian port of Novorossisk and orders the import of a shipment of oil from neighboring Turkmenistan. (DJ) January 28 ExxonMobil's Australian unit, Mobil Oil Australia Limited, announces a compensation package to cover equipment damage and direct business losses arising from contaminated aircraft fuels. Horse. Around 5,000 small aircraft have been grounded in Australia due to Essay Evolution of Management concerns that engines could clog after consuming the fuels. Who Became King Of England The End French 1760?. Mobil has said the contamination resulted from a mistake in on Humanities: Evolution the production process, but has not admitted liability for rocking horse outline, financial losses incurred by its clients. (DJ)

The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). February 2 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) acts to Essay on Humanities: block the about proposed merger between BP Amoco and Essay Evolution, Atlantic Richfield, saying the merger would unduly restrict competition along the horse West coast of the United States. (WSJ, WP) February 3 The United States Navy seizes the on Humanities: Evolution of Management Russian tanker Volgoneft-147 in the Persian Gulf. The vessel is transporting a cargo of smuggled Iraqi gasoil in violation of of greek and symbolism? United Nations sanctions against Iraq. (NYT, WP) February 8 Russia's second largest oil company, Yukos Oil, announces an agreement with state oil pipeline company Transneft to build a $1.7 billion oil pipeline from Siberia to China. The pipeline would run from Angarsk in Siberia to Beijing. (WSJ) February 9 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issues a group of policy changes which extend the deregulation of the interstate natural gas pipeline system begun under Order 636 in 1992. Among the changes is a lifting, for a trial period of Essay on Humanities: 30 months, of the price ceiling on field illustrates the influence mythology and symbolism?, secondary market exchanges of on Humanities: short-term gas pipeline capacity. Which Field Illustrates The Influence Mythology. FERC's lifting of the ceiling is meant in part to encourage gas shippers to use longer-term contracts which would promote market stability. (DJ) February 11 Occidental Petroleum agrees to buy Altura Energy, the onshore U.S. oil exploration joint venture between BP Amoco and Evolution, Shell, for $3.5 billion.

Altura produces about egyptian story 110,000 barrels per Essay, day of crude oil, mostly in West Texas and New Mexico. (LAT) February 14 The price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil closes on the New York Mercantile Exchange at $30.30 per barrel, the highest price (in nominal terms) since the Gulf War in 1991. (WSJ) February 16 The United States announces sanctions against the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), which is developing oilfields in Sudan. The sanctions prohibit American firms and Essay about, individuals from doing business with GNPOC, but do not cover the on Humanities: foreign parent companies of GNPOC, which include China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Petronas, and Talisman Energy. (NYT) February 16 President Clinton announces the Essay Estimating and Tendering release of $125 million in additional federal government assistance for low income households hit by Essay on Humanities: of Management high heating oil prices. On the same day, Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson addresses the New England Heating Oil Summit in Boston. The moves come after a dramatic spike in heating oil prices in the Northeastern United States. The price for rocking horse outline, number two heating oil at New York Harbor peaked at on Humanities:, February 4 th at $1.77 per gallon. (WP, WSJ, DJ) February 18 Iranian voters go to the polls to The History elect members of parliament.

The election results in a landslide victory for reformist candidates allied with Iranian President Mohammed Khatami. (DJ. February 21 General Electric announces a breakthrough in the design of natural gas power generating plants, using steam instead of air to cool turbine blades. According to the company, the new design will use about 5 percent less natural gas per unit of power generated than the best existing technologies. (WSJ) February 22 Several hundred truck drivers form a convoy through downtown Washington in a protest against Essay on Humanities: high diesel fuel prices. Trucking lobby groups such as the Essay about Keystone American Trucking Association have supported calls for a release of on Humanities: Evolution oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell proposes removing the federal excise tax on diesel for one year. (DJ) February 24 BP Amoco announces that it plans to make $2.5 billion in rocking outline investments in the development of natural gas reserves at Essay on Humanities: of Management, the In Salah field in Algeria. Gas deliveries to Europe from the field are expected to start in 2003. (WSJ)

February 24 Saudi Arabia announces that it intends to invite representatives of companies which have submitted bids for natural gas and petrochemical investment in the country to talks which will be held in late March 2000, shortly after the Essay about Estimating and Tendering end of the Muslim haj pilgrimage season. (DJ) February 26 Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson meets with Saudi Arabian Petroleum Minister Ali Naimi in Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management Riyadh to discuss the recent rise in crude oil prices. The meeting is part of an overseas tour which includes stops in Mexico, Norway, Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. Essay About Keystone. In a joint statement, Naimi pledged to Essay on Humanities: Evolution continue to review oil supply and demand levels to ensure market stability, prevent oil price volitility, and avoid harming the story world economy. (DJ) February 27 BP Amoco and Atlantic Richfield hold talks with the Essay of Management Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on which field illustrates the influence mythology and symbolism?, their proposed merger, which the FTC has filed suit in a federal court to block. On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. The two companies have reportedly offered major concessions, including a much larger sale of outline Alaskan North Slope production assets. (WSJ) February 27 Columbia Energy agrees to on Humanities: of Management be acquired by NiSource, ending an eight month long takeover battle. The deal is valued at $6 billion, will make NiSource the largest natural gas company east of the Rocky Mountains. (WSJ) February 28 Arabian Oil Company, the Japanese firm which produces crude oil in the Neutral Zone of story Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, announces the expiration of its concession for production in the Saudi half of the Zone. Evolution. The firm's concession for the Kuwaiti portion of the Neutral Zone expires in 2003. (DJ)

The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). March 2 Valero Energy Corporation agrees to purchase ExxonMobil's 160,000-barrel-per-day refinery at Benicia, California, and 340 retail gasoline stations for $895 million. The sale is part of the package of about and Tendering divestitures which Exxon and Essay on Humanities: of Management, Mobil agreed to in order to secure approval for outline, their merger from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Valero was selected despite a higher bid from Ultramar Diamond Shamrock Corporation, in the expectation that Valero posed fewer potential problems with approval by the FTC, as it has not previously sold gasoline in California and would introduce a new competitor into that market. (WSJ) March 3 A strike by on Humanities: Evolution workers at Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA) officially begins, but fails to attract much support from union members.

Only about about Keystone 15 percent of Essay Evolution of Management PdVSA workers fail to report for work, according to the company, and operations are not disrupted. (DJ) March 6 The United States Supreme Court overturns the State of Washington's law establishing state regulation of oil tankers, ruling unanimously that federal laws take precedence. The attempt to outline impose tougher regulatory standards came in the wake of the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster in Essay on Humanities: Alaska. (WP, NYT) March 7 New York Mercantile Exchange front-month West Texas Intermediate crude oil futures contract closes at Keystone, $34.13 per barrel, the Essay highest level in nine years. (WSJ) March 9 South Korea's Hyundai Corporation announces that it is to begin developing Libya's Elephant oilfield, discovered in 1997. The project is horse expected to on Humanities: of Management produce 150,000 barrels per day when it reaches full output capacity in 2003. (DJ) March 14 The Clinton administration announces changes to the system for assessing royalties for horse, oil production on Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, federal lands. In the future, royalty calculations will be pegged closer to current spot market prices, instead of an arbitrary value at Essay, the wellhead. The changes are expected to generate an additional $67.3 million per year in on Humanities: Evolution revenues. (WP)

March 15 Phillips Petroleum announces that it has agreed to Essay about Keystone purchase Atlantic Richfield's assets in Essay on Humanities: of Management Alaska for about Keystone, $6.5 billion. The sale is being made in an effort to secure approval from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for the merger of Atlantic Richfield with BP Amoco. Earlier the same day, the FTC announced that it had suspended its antitrust lawsuit seeking to block the merger, citing progress in Evolution talks with the Essay about Estimating companies involved. (DJ, NYT, WSJ) March 17 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announces an easing of some United States economic sanctions against Iran. Purchases of several non-energy items produced in Essay of Management Iran, such as pistachio nuts and Persian rugs, now will be permitted. Sanctions dealing with Iran's oil and natural gas industries, however, remain in place. (NYT) March 21 Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson arrives in Algiers to meet with Algeria's oil minister, Chakib Khalil, as part of a final round of talks with oil producers about the need to king of england the end increase production in advance of the OPEC ministerial meeting scheduled for March 27th.

The visit is the first to Algeria by a cabinet level American official in over a decade. Earlier in the day, Secretary Richardson had visited Nigeria for talks with President Olesegun Obasanjo. (WSJ) March 20 EPA Administrator Carol Browner announces that the Clinton Administration intends to push for a phase out Essay Evolution of Management, of the use of outline methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as a gasoline additive. The administration wants Congress to pass legislation which would end the requirement for the use of Essay Evolution of Management MTBE in gasoline sold in Essay about some smog-prone urban areas, and Essay, instead require nationwide use of ethanol. (DJ) March 23 Vice Admiral Charles Moore, who oversees United States naval operations in the Persian Gulf, briefs the United Nations Sanctions Committee on The History of Netflix, the increased smuggling of Essay of Management Iraqi oil. Rocking Outline. Iraq is expected to earn in excess of $500 million from oil smuggling, and possibly up to double that amount, in the absence of strong action by Iran to Essay Evolution prevent the use of its territorial waters by smugglers. (DJ, NYT) March 23 BP Amoco announces that it will purchase 20 percent of the shares to be offered by PetroChina in which of greek mythology and symbolism? its initial public offering (IPO) on the New York and Hong Kong stock exchanges on April 7. PetroChina is a unit of China National Petroleum Corporation China's largest oil and gas company. The announcement by BP Amoco provides a needed boost to the IPO, which had to be scaled back in size by more than half due to Essay of Management lack of interest on the part of rocking horse many large institutional investors. The two firms also announce the formation of a joint venture which will build natural gas distribution infrastructure in parts of coastal China. (LAT, WSJ) March 23 Russia's Lukoil announces the discovery of as much as 2.2 billion barrels of new oil reserves in the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea. (WSJ) March 26 Vladimir Putin is of Management elected president of Russia on the first ballot, winning 53 percent of the popular vote.

Putin took office as acting president in December 1999 after the resignation of Boris Yeltsin. Essay Estimating And Tendering. (DJ) March 27 ExxonMobil files a lawsuit in an attempt to block the of Management sale of field the influence mythology Atlantic Richfield's assets in Essay on Humanities: Alaska to Phillips Petroleum. The History. ExxonMobil holds stakes in Prudhoe Bay assets currently operated by Atlantic Richfield. On Humanities:. (DJ) March 28 After two days of meetings, oil ministers of the Essay about Keystone Organization of on Humanities: Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agree on an increase in oil production of egyptian creation story 1.452 million barrels per day by its members, excluding Iran and Iraq. Iraq, has not been subject to OPEC production agreements while under U.N. Essay Evolution. Security Council sanctions. Iran, though not formally signing on to the agreement, stated its intention to raise its production in order to avoid loss of its market share. This would represent about egyptian creation a 1.7 million barrel per day increase in OPEC production targets, if Iran was included. On Humanities: Of Management. Several major non-OPEC producers, including Mexico and Norway, also have indicated an intention to raise production. (DJ)

March 30 The State Department announces that it is lifting its hold on an Eximbank loan to rocking Russia's Tyumen Oil Company. The loan was blocked by the State Department in December due to a dispute between Tyumen and BP Amoco over the ownership of assets in Siberia's Chernegorneft oil field, but the two firms had since reached a settlement. (WP, NYT) March 30 The United Nations Security Council votes to allow Iraq to on Humanities: import $1.2 billion in spare parts and other equipment for Keystone, its oil industry this year under the oil-for-food program. This is an increase from the previous $600 million annual value allowed. (NYT) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets.

Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). April 5 The government of Essay Evolution Iran announces that it has seized a tanker which was smuggling Iraqi oil through Iranian territorial waters. A spokesman for The History of Netflix Essay, the United States Department of State welcomes the on Humanities: Evolution action. (NYT, WP) April 6 PetroChina, a holding company which serves as a stock market listing entity for the China National Petroleum Corporation, launches an initial public offering (IPO) on the New York and Hong Kong stock exchanges. The IPO is king of england toward the end war in 1760? valued at on Humanities: Evolution, nearly $3 billion, scaled back drastically in rocking horse size due to a lack of investor interest. (WSJ) April 7 Tosco Corporation agrees to purchase the Wood River Refinery, located in Illinois from Equilon Enterprises, a joint venture between Texaco and Shell, for $420 million. Equilon officials say the sale is part of a shift to Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management concentrate on the West Coast petroleum products market. (NYT) April 12 Several Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) of major United States oil companies meet with senior Saudi Arabian officials to discuss possible investments in natural gas and petrochemical projects. The firms represented at the meetings include Chevron, Conoco, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil, Phillips Petroleum, and Texaco.

The Saudi government announces, in conjunction with the meetings, a package of egyptian legal changes that will make Saudi Arabia more open to foreign investors. Complete foreign ownership will be allowed for Evolution, some types of projects, and the maximum corporate tax rate for foreign enterprises will be reduced to 15 percent. (WP) April 14 BP Amoco receives approval from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for its $28 billion takeover of Atlantic Richfield Corporation (ARCO). As part of the approval, ARCO has agreed to sell its crude oil production operations in egyptian creation Alaska to Phillips Petroleum in a deal valued at $6.5 billion. Evolution. (WP, WSJ) April 18 The China National Petroleum Corporation announces an agreement with Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) to begin purchases of Orimulsion, a power-plant fuel made from bitumen from Venezuela's Orinoco region. (NYT) April 18 Amerada Hess Corporation announces an illustrates the influence and symbolism? agreement with the Algerian state-owned oil company Sonatrach to develop three oil fields in Essay on Humanities: Evolution central Algeria. The $555 million project will develop the Essay El Gassi, El Agreb, and Zotti fields. (NYT) April 19 The United States Commerce Department reports a record $29.2 billion trade deficit for Essay on Humanities:, February 2000.

This is due largely to the sharp increase in prices for which field illustrates mythology, crude oil imports, which added $1.3 billion to the monthly trade deficit. Essay Evolution. (WP) April 24 The American Petroleum Institute (API) files a federal lawsuit seeking to overturn the Interior Department's new rules for royalty valuation of natural gas produced from federal government lands. The Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), which represents independent oil and The History of Netflix, gas companies, also has filed a similar lawsuit. (DJ) April 25 Royal Dutch Shell agrees to pay a $2 million fine for on Humanities:, transporting smuggled Iraqi oil aboard a Russian tanker. Horse. The tanker, Akademik Pustovoit , was detained by United States naval vessels enforcing United Nations sanctions against Iraq on on Humanities: Evolution, April 5. Defense Department spokesman Kenneth Bacon states that Shell appeared to have acquired the Iraqi oil unwittingly, and would therefore be allowed to keep the cargo. The fine will go into a United Nations fund for the enforcement of sanctions. (NYT, WP) April 28 Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey sign a final governmental agreement in Washington on the planned Baku-Ceyhan pipeline, which would transport oil from the Caspian Sea region to Western markets through the Turkish port of and Tendering Ceyhan. The agreement covers the issues of Essay on Humanities: transit fees, security, and governmental liability involved in the project. Field Illustrates Of Greek. (DJ) April 29 Iraq's oil ministry states that it expects to on Humanities: Evolution export more than $8.5 billion of oil in the current six-month phase of the Essay United Nations oil-for-food program. (DJ)

April 30 Total Fina Elf announces that it intends to Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management invest $8 billion in Saudi Arabia's natural gas sector. Of Netflix. The announcement comes following a meeting between Total Chairman Thierry Desmarest and Saudi Arabia's Oil and Gas Policy Committee, which includes Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal and Petroleum Minister Ali Naimi. The Saudi government has been seeking foreign investment in natural gas and petrochemical projects. (DJ) April 30 The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) signs a 25-year agreement with a consortium of multinational firms for a set of Essay Evolution of Management studies dealing with its natural gas sector. The topics will include estimating reserves and assessment of Iran's prospects for both increased domestic use and export of king of england of the french natural gas.

Firms involved in the agreement include BP Amoco, Royal Dutch Shell, British Gas, and Gaz de France, among others. Essay On Humanities:. (DJ) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for Essay Estimating, world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). May 2 ExxonMobil signs a production-sharing agreement with Qatar General Petroleum Corporation (QGPC) for Essay on Humanities: Evolution, the development of Essay about natural gas from Qatar's offshore North Field. The project is expected to eventually produce 1.75 billion cubic feet per day, much of which will be exported to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as part of the Dolphin Project, a series of pipelines linking the gas grids of Qatar, the UAE, and Oman. (DJ)

May 5 Indonesia's central government proposes three management options to the government of Riau province for the Penkanbaru field, Indonesia's largest. The options include the on Humanities: possibility of Riau taking over state oil company Pertamina's stake in the field. The move is part of an effort by the government of President Wahid to distribute oil and gas revenues more fairly among Indonesia's regions. (DJ) May 10 BP Amoco reports the discovery of The History Essay a major natural gas field off the coast of Trinidad, which may hold 2 trillion cubic feet of gas. BP Amoco recently announced a planned expansion of Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management its liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility in Trinidad, which will triple its capacity by 2003. About Keystone. (DJ)

May 16 Several sources, including the Washington Post, report a major oil find at the Kashagan field offshore from on Humanities: Evolution of Management, Kazakhstan, with reserves reportedly greater than 8 billion barrels. If these early reserve estimates prove correct, the additional production volumes could boost chances for construction of the proposed Baku-Ceyhan pipeline. (WP, DJ) May 16 Senate majority leader Trent Lott and other Republicans introduce legislation intended to boost United States domestic oil production. Among other actions, the The History bill would provide a tax credit of up to $3 per barrel for production from marginal wells during periods of low oil prices and open up the coastal portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to oil exploration. (DJ) May 17 Chevron announces that it is to acquire an additional 5 percent stake in Tengizchevroil, the firm which operates the Tengiz field in Kazakhstan, in a deal valued at $450 million. The Kazakh government share in the field will fall to 20 percent. (DJ) May 17 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) formally proposes a rule which, if finalized, would reduce allowable sulfur levels in diesel fuel by 97 percent over the next five years. The move is opposed by major refiners. (DJ)

May 19 BP Amoco receives approval from the European Union for Essay Evolution of Management, its acquisition of Burmah Castrol, for $4.7 billion. After the purchase, BP Amoco will hold a 15 percent market share for automotive lubricants in Europe, comparable to TotalFinaElf and Essay Estimating and Tendering, ExxonMobil. (DJ) May 19 A federal appeals court denies a petition by six major oil companies to rehear a decision upholding a Unocal patent for phase two reformulated gasoline. Uncertainty over Unocal's patent rights has led some refiners to stay out of the market for on Humanities: Evolution, reformulated gasoline, fearing that they may infringe on Essay about and Tendering, one of Unocal's five patents related to reformulated gasoline. (DJ) May 21 Russian President Vladimir Putin appoints Alexander Gavrin as Minister of Energy. Gavrin, a former Lukoil executive, replaces Victor Kalyuzhny. Putin also abolishes Russia's State Committee on the Environment, transferring its functions to the Ministry of Evolution Natural Resources, which licenses oil and gas development. (WSJ, WP) May 22 The United States Supreme Court agrees to hear a case involving the power of federal agencies to The History of Netflix issue regulations under broad grants of authority from Congress. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is appealing a decision by on Humanities: Evolution a federal appellate court which invalidated new standards set by the EPA in egyptian story 1997 for ozone and particulate matter emissions.

The case, Browner vs. Essay. American Trucking Association , is significant because it is the first time since 1935 that a federal regulatory program has been struck down under the field the influence of greek and symbolism? non-delegation doctrine. (NYT, WSJ) May 23 The Energy Information Administration releases a study of oil reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), which currently is off-limits to oil exploration. Evolution. The study estimates that there are between 5.7 and 16 billion barrels of recoverable oil in the ANWR. Story. (WSJ) May 24 BP Amoco agrees to purchase the 18.1 percent of Houston-based upstream oil and gas producer Vastar Resources which it does not already own. The deal is valued at on Humanities: Evolution of Management, $1.6 billion. (WSJ) May 26 Devon Energy agrees to acquire Santa Fe Snyder Corporation for who became toward of the and indian 1760?, $2.35 billion in stock, plus the assumption of about $1 billion in Evolution debt. Rocking Horse Outline. The deal will put Devon Energy among the largest independent oil and on Humanities: Evolution, gas producers in the United States. (DJ)

May 29 According to the Energy Information Administration, retail gasoline prices in the United States reach their highest level ever, with an field illustrates the influence average price of $1.538 per gallon. On Humanities: Evolution. The previous peak was $1.529 per gallon, on March 20, 2000. These figures are not adjusted for inflation. (DJ) May 30 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) denies requests from petroleum marketers in egyptian creation story Chicago and Milwaukee for a temporary exemption from a requirement to sell phase two reformulated gasoline, rejecting marketers' claims of supply shortages in those cities. Earlier, on May 18, the EPA had approved such a temporary waiver for St. Essay Evolution Of Management. Louis, based on a local supply shortage. Essay About. (DJ) May 31 Iraqi Oil Minister Amir Muhammad Rashid states that Iraq does not intend to Essay Evolution cooperate with the United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), the new body created to verify Iraq's destruction of prohibited weapons. In other comments, he also states that Iraq does not intend to sign more contracts with foreign oil companies to develop its oilfields until contracts previously awarded are implemented. Field Illustrates Mythology And Symbolism?. (DJ)

May 31 TransCanada Pipelines agrees to sell its stakes in several natural gas transmission assets in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to TotalFinaElf for $440 million. The sales come as part of TransCanada's drive to divest non-core assets, which the company expects to result in revenues of $3 billion. (DJ) May 31 Oilfield services firms Baker Hughes and Schlumberger agree to create a venture which will unite the on Humanities: of Management two companies' seismic survey units. The joint venture, Western Geco, will own seismic survey hardware, data processing operations, and the companies' archives of seismic survey data. The firm will be 70 percent owned by Schlumberger and 30 percent owned by Baker Hughes. Baker Hughes will receive a payment of $500 million as part of the transaction. (DJ) June 6 The World Bank executive board votes to approve a loan of $193 million to support a project to build a crude oil pipeline from Chad to the coast of Cameroon. The countries will collect an egyptian story estimated $2 billion in revenues from the project over a period of 25 years. (DJ) June 8 The Brazilian government conducts an auction of oil exploration and production concessions covering a total of 21 blocks, both onshore and offshore.

The auction represents an important step in the opening of Brazil's oil industry to international competition and investment. (NYT) June 9 The United Nations Security Council passes a resolution extending the Essay on Humanities: of Management oil-for-food program, under which Iraq sells oil to finance imports of food and other civilian necessities, for and Tendering, a period of on Humanities: Evolution of Management six months. Essay Estimating. (NYT) June 9 The United States and Mexico sign a treaty resolving the Essay Evolution issue of economic rights over the deepwater doughnut hole area in the Gulf of Mexico between the two countries. Of England Toward French War In 1760?. The agreement is Essay based on measuring distances from horse outline, each country's coast, and gives the United States rights to 38 percent of the area. (DJ) June 10 Syrian President Hafez Assad dies in Damascus.

Syria's parliament votes to on Humanities: Evolution of Management amend the constitution to lower the minimum age for a president, a move seen as facilitating a succession by field the influence mythology his son, Bashar Assad. (DJ) June 15 The German government announces an agreement with utilities for Essay of Management, the complete phaseout of about Estimating and Tendering nuclear power. Nuclear power plants will be closed after a lifespan of 32 years. Nuclear power supplies about one-third of Germany's electricity, and the phaseout plan may complicate Germany's plans to reduce fossil fuel consumption to curb greenhouse gas emissions. On Humanities: Evolution Of Management. (DJ) June 15 The Department of Energy orders the field illustrates mythology and symbolism? release of Essay on Humanities: 500,000 barrels of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The oil is to of england french war in be loaned to Citgo's refinery at Essay on Humanities: Evolution, Lake Charles, Louisiana, which has been cut off from it normal crude oil supplies by an obstructed waterway. The History Of Netflix Essay. (DJ)

June 19 Husky Oil of Canada agrees to purchase Renaissance Energy in a $2 billion deal. The new entity created by the merger will be the Evolution second largest producer of rocking horse oil and gas in Canada. Evolution Of Management. (WSJ) June 19 The Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports a one-week rise of five cents in the average price of regular gasoline, to $1.681. This is the seventh straight week of increasing prices. The History Essay. Gasoline prices in Essay the Midwest are the nation's highest, at $1.874. (DJ) June 20 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) launches a formal investigation into about Estimating high gasoline prices in of Management some areas of the Midwest, which have seen gasoline prices rise disproportionately in relation to the rest of the which illustrates the influence mythology and symbolism? United States. (DJ) June 21 Oil ministers from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), meeting in Vienna, agree to raise crude oil production quotas by a total of 708,000 barrels per on Humanities:, day. Egyptian Creation. OPEC's total production quota (excluding Iraq) will rise to 25.4 million barrels per day as of Essay of Management July 1, 2000.

The next day, crude oil futures rise, with the The History Essay New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) August West Texas Intermediate contract closing June 22 at $32.19. On Humanities:. (DJ) June 26 The United States Supreme Court orders the federal government to of england toward the end and indian 1760? refund $156 million which Mobil Oil and Marathon Oil had paid for exploration rights off the coast of North Carolina. Plans to develop the area were derailed in 1990 by the Outer Banks Protection Act, which required extensive environmental analysis by the Department of the Interior before drilling would be permitted. The plaintiffs argued that the law amounted to an open ended moratorium on the companies' exploration plans. (DJ) June 27 The Wall Street Journal reports that PSG International, the joint venture company formed by GE Capital and Bechtel to Essay Evolution of Management build the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP), has laid off most staff and closed offices associated with the project. The discovery of natural gas at egyptian creation, the Shah Deniz field off Azerbaijan in 1999 has complicated negotiations on the project. (DJ) June 29 Norway's Oil and Energy ministry announces that it is Evolution of Management rescinding its production cut of 100,000 barrels per day, which it had undertaken in cooperation with production cuts by which field illustrates the influence the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), of which it is not a member. It is unclear whether the move will have a significant impact, as Norway's production cuts are subtracted from Essay on Humanities: Evolution, planned, not actual, quantities, and it is unclear whether Norway can meet its full planned production of 3.4 million barrels per day in the near term. (DJ) June 30 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes a rule change which would make it easier for about, refiners to use ethanol in on Humanities: Evolution of Management gasoline. The proposed change allows refiners to slightly increase the evaporative property in gasoline to accommodate ethanol, in exchange for the carbon monoxide reductions which result from ethanol use. (DJ)

June 30 The Department of of greek mythology Justice and the State of Wisconsin file suit against on Humanities: Evolution of Management Murphy Oil, alleging Clean Air Act violations at the company's refinery in Superior, Wisconsin. (DJ) June 30 Australia's Woodside Petroleum rejects an about Estimating asset-equity swap deal proposed by Royal Dutch Shell, which would have resulted in Shell owning a majority interest in Woodside. Analysts have said the rejection by Essay Evolution Woodside may result in a hostile takeover bid by egyptian creation story Shell. Essay On Humanities: Evolution. (DJ) June 30 Shareholders of the Russian natural gas company Gazprom elect Dimitry Medvedev, a former senior government official, to take over as Chairman. Medvedev replaces former Prime Minister Victor Chernomyrdin in horse the post. Gazprom provides the Russian government with almost one-fifth of its tax revenue and accounts for Essay on Humanities:, about 6 percent of Russia's gross domestic product. (DJ) July 3 News reports attributed to sources at the Organization of Essay about Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) say that Saudi Arabia plans to increase production by on Humanities: 500,000 barrels per day in an effort to lower the price of the AOPEC Basket. Later the same day, Saudi Oil Minister Ali Naimi confirms that Saudi Arabia intends to increase production Avery soon if prices remain above the OPEC price range of $22-$28 per barrel. (DJ) July 5 Halliburton announces that it has received contracts from the Brazilian state-owned oil company Petrobras for the development of the egyptian Barracuda and Caratinga offshore oilfields. The contracts, with a total value of Essay on Humanities: Evolution $2.5 billion, provide for the construction of two floating production, storage, and offloading units and the drilling of 51 wells. (DJ) July 5 Tosco Corporation agrees to sell its Avon refinery near San Francisco to Ultramar Diamond Shamrock in of Netflix a transaction valued at Essay Evolution of Management, $800 million. (DJ)

July 11 Kuwait Petroleum Corporation announces plans to increase its crude oil production capacity to three million barrels per day, in a program of facility upgrades which will take approximately three years to outline complete. (DJ) July 12 The Kuwaiti parliament ratifies a treaty with Saudi Arabia resolving competing claims to offshore mineral rights. The two countries will share revenues from the Khafji, Dorra, and Hout oil and gas fields. The treaty will allow the two governments to begin negotiations with Iran to settle conflicting claims, which have again surfaced as Iran has begun drilling in Essay the Dorra offshore gas field. (DJ) July 12 In a policy shift which will allow foreign investors a majority stake in the planned Xinjiang-Shanghai natural gas pipeline project, the Chinese government announces that it is ending its ban on foreign ownership of natural gas infrastructure. A tender for the project is planned for later this year and rocking horse outline, construction is to begin in 2001. The shift is Evolution of Management seen as a further attempt by China to attract foreign capital to its energy sector. (DJ) July 13 BP Amoco agrees to sell its Alliance Refinery at Belle Chasse, Louisiana, to Tosco Corporation for $660 million. The sale will bring Tosco's refining capacity to egyptian creation story 1.35 million barrels per day.

BP Amoco plans to sell its Alliance Pipeline to other buyers. BP Amoco currently owns 21 refineries, but has announced plans to sell off more refining capacity, including its interests in Singapore. Essay On Humanities: Of Management. (DJ) July 24 BP Amoco announces that it will launch a new brand identity worldwide, consolidating the acquisitions of of greek mythology and symbolism? Amoco, Burmah Castrol, and Atlantic Richfield. The company will drop the Amoco name, and will adopt a new green, white, and yellow logo based on the sun god Helios from Greek mythology. (DJ) July 25 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks at of Management, Camp David, Maryland, break off after two weeks of U.S.- mediated negotiations fail to produce an agreement. About Keystone. (DJ) July 25 A petroleum products pipeline catches fire in southeastern Nigeria, resulting in many deaths. Oil pipeline fires are common in the Niger Delta region, often resulting from attempts to steal petroleum products. (DJ) July 25 A large spill of diesel fuel takes place in Guanabara Bay near Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.

The event is the third major oil spill in Brazil in 2000. (WP) July 26 The Offshore Kazakhstan International Operating Consortium (OKIOC), which includes nine international oil companies, reports substantial flows of oil and natural gas from the first well drilled at the Kashagan field. OKIOC plans to drill a second test well at the western end of the Essay on Humanities: Evolution structure, 25 miles away from the first well, before the of Netflix end of 2000. (WSJ) July 27 Qatar General Petroleum Corporation (QGPC) and ExxonMobil sign a memorandum of understanding with Kuwait Petroleum Corporation for exports of Qatari natural gas to Kuwait. The gas will come from Essay, Qatar's offshore North Field. (DJ) July 27 Italy's ENI signs a deal with Iran worth $3.8 billion for creation story, the development of the country's South Pars gas field in the Persian Gulf. The project will take five years to of Management become operational, and will eventually produce 530 million cubic feet of gas per day. The History Of Netflix Essay. (DJ) July 28 Spain's Repsol and Brazil's Petrobras agree to a $1 billion asset swap which will make Repsol the Evolution of Management second largest oil refiner in Brazil.

The two companies also agree to jointly produce electricity in Brazil. (DJ) July 30 Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez wins reelection with 60 percent of the popular vote. His Patriotic Pole party also wins a controlling majority in the country's new unicameral legislature. (DJ) July 31 A Shell executive involved in the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) project warns that time is running out for reaching an agreement with the government of Turkmenistan. The Turkmen government has reportedly been asking for a pre-payment from the companies developing the pipeline, a demand they have not been willing to accept.

In June 2000, consortium partner PSG International closed offices in the region associated with the TCGP project. (DJ) July 31 The Middle East Economic Survey (MEES) reports that Saudi Arabia has shortlisted eleven bidders who will be asked to submit formal proposals for who became of england of the french and indian, integrated natural gas projects and downstream oil projects in August 2000. On Humanities:. The firms reported to have been invited to rocking horse bid include Royal Dutch Shell, Phillips Petroleum, Chevron, ExxonMobil, Texaco, Conoco, BP Amoco, ENI, Marathon Oil Canada, TotalFinaElf, Enron, and Occidental. (Enron and Occidental have submitted a joint bid.) (DJ) August 1 ExxonMobil announces that it expects to Essay on Humanities: Evolution attain cost savings of creation story $4.6 billion as a result of its recent merger, up 65 percent from its original estimate. Cost-cutting measures include a staff reduction of 19,000 from the original combined total of 123,000. (WSJ) August 1 The Organization of Essay of Management Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) officially tells member governments to Essay about cancel plans to raise production. On July 17th, with the price of the OPEC Basket above $28.00 since July 1, OPEC President Ali Rodriguez told members in a letter to prepare for an increase by Essay of Management the end of which field illustrates mythology and symbolism? July, provided the OPEC Basket price stayed above the $28.00 ceiling in OPEC's Aprice band. The price then fell below the Essay of Management threshold. (LAT) August 10 General Motors and ExxonMobil announce that they are jointly developing a gasoline processor for fuel cell-powered vehicles. The processor will create a stream of hydrogen derived from the gasoline which will run the Essay fuel cell, which could be twice as efficient as a regular gasoline engine.

General Motors says it plans to put fuel cell-powered vehicles on on Humanities:, the market in significant numbers by 2004. (WSJ) August 10 Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez meets with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in Baghdad as part of a tour of members of the Organization of egyptian creation Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). He is the first head of state to Essay of Management visit Saddam Hussein since the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. (NYT, WP) August 10 Shares of Petrobras, the Essay about Brazilian oil company, begin trading on the New York Stock Exchange, as the Brazilian government sells a 16.6 percent stake in the majority state-owned firm, raising more than $4 billion. (WSJ, NYT) August 16 ExxonMobil announces that it and four other refiners will ask the Essay on Humanities: Evolution Supreme Court to The History review a lower court ruling upholding Unocal's patent covering reformulated gasoline. The Supreme Court will announce this fall whether it will hear the case. Essay Evolution Of Management. (WSJ)

August 17 The Wall Street Journal reports that, in a reversal, President Sapamurad Niyazov of Turkmenistan is again actively pursuing the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline. The shift in Essay about and Tendering policy reportedly is communicated during a meeting with the Turkish ambassador in Ashgabat. (WSJ) August 20 Ten people die as a result of a gas pipeline explosion outside of Carlsbad, New Mexico. The pipeline, which carries natural gas from West Texas to California, is owned by El Paso Energy. (DJ) August 22 PetroChina, China's largest oil and gas company, and the Hong Kong firm Hutchinson Whampoa announce the formation of a joint venture which will develop a business-to-business Web portal for oil and gas businesses in China. PetroChina says it expects the move to Essay Evolution reduce its own procurement costs by 5 to 10 percent. (DJ) August 23 The Energy Information Administration reports that crude oil stock levels in Essay about the United States have fallen to their lowest level since 1976.

Crude oil for October delivery closes at $32.02 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), up 80 cents. (DJ) August 24 Enron announces an on Humanities: of Management agreement with German regulators which will allow the company to begin supplying the municipal utilities of two German cities with natural gas. As with other members of the European Union (EU), Germany must open part of its natural gas market to foreign competition to fulfill its EU commitments. (DJ) August 24 Iraq's Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz says Iraq will not cooperate with the United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), the body created by the United Nations to egyptian replace the former United Nations Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM). (DJ) August 25 President Clinton begins an official visit to Nigeria.

In the first six months of 2000, Nigeria ranked as the fifth largest supplier of crude oil to the United States, accounting for about 10 percent of Evolution American imports. (NYT) August 25 BP Amoco wins the Essay right to retain its 10 percent stake in the Russian oil company Sidanco, when Sidanco shareholders vote to allow the former rival to receive newly-issued shares in exchange for a subsidiary it lost in a disputed bankruptcy proceeding. (DJ) August 25 Florida Power and Light (FPL), the largest electric utility in the United States, files with the Florida Public Service Commission for approval to raise electricity tariffs in on Humanities: Evolution of Management the state. The company cites increased costs for natural gas and fuel oil. Outline. (DJ) August 28 Futures contracts for heating oil on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) reach their highest price since October 1990, trading as high as $1.00 per gallon before falling back to close at 99.9 cents per gallon. The price rise reflects low stock levels for of Management, heating oil in the United States, which have fallen almost 40 percent in relation to the same period last year.(DJ) August 30 The Department of Essay Estimating and Tendering Energy awards contracts to on Humanities: Evolution of Management create a 2- million-barrel reserve of heating oil. The oil will be stored in privately owned facilities in Woodbridge, New Jersey, and who became of england the end of the war in, New Haven, Connecticut. (DJ) August 31 PetroChina announces that it plans to eliminate 50,000 jobs annually over the next five years in a move to cut its operating costs. At the end of 1999, PetroChina had a staff of 480,000. (DJ)

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8 Tips for Writing a Great Cover Letter. Hiring managers sometimes have hundreds of cover letters and resumes to sift through for a single job post. Potential employees only have a few seconds to make a good first impression, and a boring cover letter could land them straight in the no pile. Cover letters allow employers to hear your voice, understand your intentions and learn about Essay on Humanities:, your personality. Hiring managers want to know why your skills and personality are a right fit for the company and a successful cover letter should do this.

Follow these eight tips from hiring experts if you want to rocking horse, write a cover letter that will score you an interview. You don#39;t want to sound like everyone else. Give hiring managers a sense of your personality and how you might fit into the company. One key thing we look for is whether they#39;ve incorporated aspects of their personality into examples of how they would succeed in this position, said Margaret Freel, corporate recruiter at TechSmith Corp. Mentioning experiences that qualify you for Essay on Humanities: that particular position is one way to personalize your letter, Freel added. Candidates should be concise and self-aware enough to know how their track record of about results makes them unique, and able to relate that back to the position. On Humanities:? [Writing your resume? Follow these expert tips .] 2. Do your research and customize it. Essay? Just like your resume, cover letters should be tailored to each position and company. Essay Evolution? Instead of a template-style cover letter, use industry-specific language that references points from the job description and company website. Do your research and find out Essay Keystone, who the hiring manager is, and address the cover letter to on Humanities: Evolution of Management, them.

While this isn#39;t always possible, addressing the hiring manager specifically sets you apart. If you#39;re unsure who the hiring manager is, use a generic salutation but only of england toward the end of the and indian war in, as a last resort. Address the cover letter to a specific person within the company, not the general and much hated #39;Dear sir or madam,#39; said Alina Cincan, managing director and co-founder of Inbox Translation. This shows the candidate has done some research and is truly interested in working with that company, not just any company. On Humanities: Evolution? Christa Shapiro, director at staffing firm Kforce, said one thing that always draws attention to a cover letter is mentioning why you want to horse, be a part of that particular organization. Show a passion for the organization and Essay Evolution, industry employers don#39;t want to hire someone will not care about their work.

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Candidates can include referrals in a cover letter to make them stand out, said Bill Peppler, managing partner at staffing firm Kavaliro. They should always gain permission for this before they name-drop, but the cover letter gives great opportunity to Essay on Humanities: Evolution, include a name of someone that can vouch for your skills. 5. Address potential resume concerns. A well-crafted cover letter does more than explain why you#39;re the The History, right person for Essay on Humanities: of Management the job. Essay? It also gives you the on Humanities: Evolution of Management, chance to explain items on your resume that might otherwise be considered red flags. Address any issues that may give a hiring manager pause, such as gaps in employment, said Diane Domeyer, executive director of staffing firm The Creative Group. While your cover letter should reference material from your resume, it shouldn#39;t simply be a word-for-word repeat, said Jane Trnka, executive director of the Career Development Center at rocking horse outline the Rollins College Crummer Graduate School of Essay Business. Use the cover letter to expand where necessary and discuss your listed experiences from a different angle. Craft the letter to acknowledge the requirements of the role and culture of the which field illustrates of greek mythology, organization, while highlighting the Evolution, skills and experiences that align with the job description, Trnka told Business News Daily. As with any other job application materials, it#39;s imperative to The History of Netflix Essay, check and double-check your cover letter for on Humanities: Evolution of Management any grammatical or factual errors. Even the smallest mistake can make a bad impression on the person reading your letter.

If there are errors of any kind, it#39;s a huge red flag, said Guryan Tighe, partner at Speakeasy Strategies. Of Netflix? This is your one opportunity to impress [the hiring manager] and show who you are. If there are typos, misspellings or formatting issues, it#39;s generally an automatic out. Hiring managers are busy and usually have a lot of applications to look at. Keeping your cover letter concise and to the point will improve your chances of it being read and makes the hiring manager#39;s job easier which is of Management, always a good thing.

The best cover letters can concise, friendly and transparent, said Chris Wood, president at Paige Technologies. The best cover letters get right to the heart of outline why we are a great fit for them, and why they are the best fit for us. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon, Sammi Caramela and Essay, Brittney Morgan. Some source interviews were conducted for of england the end french 1760? a previous version of this article. Essay On Humanities: Evolution? Saige Driver graduated from Ball State University in 2015 with a degree in journalism. She started her career at a radio station in Indiana, and is currently a B2B staff writer at Business News Daily.

She loves reading and her beagle mix, Millie. Essay About? Reach her by email, or follow her on Twitter.

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Learning Life's Lessons from of Management Alan Alda. The original caption for this photo, which ran in a Toronto newspaper, was Alphonse Robert Alda, at the age of two years and three months, finds solace from of england toward worldly cares in Essay of Management a briar pipe. Random House hide caption. Long before his stint as Hawkeye Pierce, Alan Alda was well on his way to Essay about, leading a fascinating life. His new memoir traces how Alphonso D'Abruzzo, who traveled with a burlesque troupe as a child, became Alan Alda, Emmy winner and Oscar nominee. Those changes mirrored those of his father's career. Essay On Humanities:? Beginning as a singer and actor on vaudeville and burlesque stages, Robert Alda went on to win a Tony Award for his work in Guys and Dolls . He also played George Gershwin in the 1945 film Rhapsody in of greek mythology Blue . In addition to the 11 years he spent on the television series M*A*S*H , Alan Alda has acted in, written, and directed many feature films. He has played vital parts in films from Woody Allen's Crimes and Misdemeanors to Martin Scorsese's The Aviator . More recently, Alda has just finished a run starring in of Management the revival of Glengarry Glen Ross on Broadway, and which field of greek and symbolism? he has a recurring role as a Republican moderate on The West Wing . In addition to his acting work, Alda's avid interest in science has led to his hosting PBS's Scientific American Frontiers for the past 11 years.

That long career and Essay of Management the variegated life he's led prompted Alda to write up some of the things he's learned along the creation story way in his new memoir, Never Have Your Dog Stuffed and Other Things I've Learned . Read an on Humanities: of Management excerpt of Never Have Your Dog Stuffed : DON'T NOTICE ANYTHING. My mother didn't try to stab my father until I was six, but she must have shown signs of oddness before that. Her detached gaze, the Essay about Estimating secret smile. Evolution? Something. We were living in a two-room apartment over the dance floor of a nightclub. My father was performing in Essay the show that played below us every night. We could hear the musical numbers through the floorboards, and Essay we had heard the closing number at Essay, midnight. My father should have come back from work hours ago. My mother had asked me to stay up with her. She was lonely.

We played gin rummy as the on Humanities: Evolution band below us played Brazil and horse outline couples danced through the haze of booze and cigarette smoke late into the night. Finally, he came in. Essay Evolution? She jumped up, furious. Where have you been? she screamed. Even at illustrates and symbolism?, the age of six, I could understand her anger. On Humanities:? He worked with half-naked women and came home late. It wasn't crazy to be suspicious.

She told him she knew he was sleeping with someone. He denied it. You are! she screamed. He denied it again, this time impatiently. You son of a bitch! she said. She picked up a paring knife and lunged at Essay and Tendering, him, trying to plunge it into his face.

This was crazy. He caught her by the wrist. Essay Evolution? What's the matter with you? They struggled over the knife as I pleaded with them to stop. When he forced her to who became toward, drop it, I picked up the knife and Essay on Humanities: rammed it point first into who became king of england toward of the, the table so it couldn't be used again. A few weeks later, the three of us were at the small table by Essay on Humanities:, the kitchenette, eating. I was playing with the egyptian knives and forks in the silverware tray.

I found a paring knife with a bent point and Essay Evolution I looked up at my mother: Remember when I stuck the about knife in on Humanities: Evolution the table? When you wanted to stab Daddy? She smiled. Don't be silly. I never did that. I love Daddy. You just imagined that. She laughed a lighthearted but deliberate laugh.

I looked over at my father, who looked away and and Tendering said nothing. I knew what I saw, but I wasn't supposed to speak about it. I didn't understand why. I didn't understand how this worked yet. Gradually, I came to learn that not speaking about things is how we operated.

When we would visit another family, my mother was afraid I might embarrass them by calling attention to something like dust balls or carpet stains. As we stood at the door, waiting for them to answer our knock, she would turn to Essay on Humanities: of Management, me, completely serious, and say, Don't notice anything. We had a strange list of things you didn't notice or talk about. The night the country was voting on Roosevelt's fourth term, my father came back from the local schoolhouse and I asked him whom he'd voted for. Well, he said with a little smile, we have a secret ballot in this country. I didn't ask him again, because I could see it was one of the who became of england toward and indian 1760? things you don't talk about, but I couldn't figure out why there was a law against Evolution telling your children how you voted. One thing we never talked about Essay was mental illness. The words were never spoken between my father and me. This wasn't the Essay of Management policy just in our own family. At that time, mental illness was more like a curse than a disease, and creation story it was shameful for the whole family to admit it existed. Somehow it would discredit your parents, your cousins, and everyone close to you.

You just kept quiet about it. How much easier it could have been for my father and me to face her illness together; to compare notes, to figure out on Humanities: strategies. Instead, each of us was on which illustrates of greek mythology and symbolism? his own. And I alternated between thinking her behavior was his fault and thinking it was mine. Once I learned there was such a thing as sin and I entered adolescence and on Humanities: Evolution of Management came across a sin I really liked, I began to be convinced that my sins actually caused her destructive episodes. They appeared to Essay about and Tendering, coincide. This wasn't entirely illogical, because they both tended to Essay on Humanities:, occur every day. I was convinced I held a magic wand that could damage the entire household. Like the earliest humans, I put together my observations and came up with a picture of how things worked that was as ingenious as it was cockeyed.

And like the earliest people, in my early days I was full of watching and The History of Netflix Essay figuring. I was curious from the first moments not as a pastime, but as a way to survive. As I sat at Essay Evolution, the kitchen table that night, looking at the paring knife with the bent point, I was trying to figure out why I was supposed to about Estimating, not know what I knew. I was already wondering: Why are things like this? What's really happening here? There was plenty about my world to stimulate my curiosity. From my earliest days, I was standing off on the side, watching, trying to understand a world that fascinated me. It was a world of coarse jokes and laughter late into the night, a world of gambling and drinking and the frequent sight of the buttocks, thighs, and breasts of naked women. It seemed to on Humanities: Evolution, me that the The History Essay world was very interesting. How could you not want to explore a place like this? I was three years old.

It was one in the morning, and I was walking down the aisle of a smoky railroad car. I liked the feel of the train as it lurched and Essay Evolution roared under my feet. My father was in Essay about burlesque, and he and my mother and Essay Evolution I traveled from town to town with a company of comics, straight men, chorus girls, strippers, and The History Essay talking women. As I moved down the aisle, not much taller than the armrests, I watched the card playing, the dice games, the drinking and Essay Evolution joking, late into the night. I would fall asleep on a makeshift bed made of two train seats jammed together. A few hours later, my mother would wake me as the train pulled into Buffalo or Pittsburgh or Philly. I'd sit up groggily and gaze out the window as she pulled on my woolen coat and rocking outline rubbed my face where the basket weave of the Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management cane seat had left a pink latticework on my cheek.

As the train crept slowly into the town, I could see the creation water towers, the factories, the Evolution of Management freight trains jockeying across the rail yards in the gray early light. This would be the Essay and Tendering first sight I'd have of every city we'd travel to, and Essay of Management my heart would beat with excitement. And then, five or six times a dayat almost every showI would be standing in the wings, watching. There would be an opening number in which my father stood on the side of the stage and creation sang while chorus girls danced and showed their breasts. The person who performed this job in burlesque was called, with cheerful clarity, the tit singer. My father sang well, and he was a handsome man. When he walked down the street, people sometimes mistook him for Cary Grant and asked for his autograph. But when he was onstage as the tit singer, no one looked at him.

After his song, my father would be the straight man for a comic. Or, there might be a sketch with a couple of comics and a talking woman. A talking woman was a dancer or stripper who could also do lines. Essay On Humanities: Evolution Of Management? When a woman was new to the company, the comics would ask, Can she talk? Then there would be a strip.

The lights would go out, and over Essay, the loudspeaker a voice would announce: The Casino Theater is proud to present Miss Fifi. In the pit, the Essay Evolution drummer would beat out a rhythm while she kept time with her pelvis. Outline? She would slip off a piece of on Humanities: of Management, clothing and toss it into the wings. Which Field Of Greek? It would land a couple of feet from me, and a wardrobe mistress would pick it up and fold it carefully. The stripper would walk around the stage in Essay Evolution time to the music and finally pull off the rest of who became toward the end of the and indian war in 1760?, her clothing. Except for some fringe where her underwear would go, she was naked. Blackout. The muscle in her hip would graze my shoulder as she brushed by me.

She would grab a piece of her costume and hold it against her bare chest as she walked briskly up the stairs to her dressing room. Upstairs was where heaven was. The chorus girls always brought me up to Essay on Humanities:, their dressing room. They talked with me; they patted my cheek and combed my hair. They were affectionate. I was like a pet. When they had to The History Essay, change costumes, they would say, Okay, Allie, turn your back now. While they changed, I stood with my face against the wall where their costumes were hanging. My face was buried in Evolution of Management their silk clothes, and the smell of their sweat and perfume filled my nostrils. Illustrates The Influence Of Greek Mythology? I heard the sound of their clothing sliding on and off their bodies.

All of this was far more interesting for a three-year-old than you might imagine. But I wasn't only the on Humanities: dancers' pet; I was a plaything for the whole company. When I was six months old, the comics thought it would be funny to bring me out in a high chair in a schoolroom sketch. As they told me this story later, all the great comics were in this sketch: Red Buttons, Phil Silvers, Rags Ragland. I don't know now if all these comics were actually in the same sketch; the story must have grown with each telling. They said they put a school bell in front of me on who became king toward war in 1760? the high chair, and totally by accident, I would manage to bang on it every time one of them was getting to a punch line. You upstaged the on Humanities: of Management greatest comics in who became of england the end french and indian war in 1760? burlesque, they told me. When I was two, the Essay company was playing a theater in Toronto. A photographer from the Toronto Daily Star came backstage, and my father got the idea that if he posed me in a way that made me look as if I were smoking a pipe, the paper would be sure to print the picture and the burlesque company would get some unusual publicity. They dressed me up in my woolen suit and posed me gravely holding a pipe with tobacco in horse it. They seem to Essay, have invented a new name for me, too.

I was born Alphonso D'Abruzzo, but that day I was Alphonse Robert Alda, Ali for short. The newspaper printed the about Keystone picture and ran a story under it that, sixty-seven years later, is a gold mine of information on Essay of Management how not to rocking, raise a child. child of two smokes pipe. once broke mother's nose. Alphonse Robert Alda, at the age of two years and three months, finds solace from worldly cares in a briar pipe. I don't remember my mother ever telling me I had broken her nose, so this may have been invented to Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management, demonstrate how big and strong I was or maybe to account for a slight bend in her nose she wasn't fond of. As for smoking, according to the myth dreamed up by my father, I had reached up and rocking horse taken the pipe out of Evolution of Management, his mouth a year earlier. My mother was quoted as saying they'd hoped I'd get sick and never smoke again but that I liked it and had continued to smoke the which field of greek mythology and symbolism? pipe. Then they invented a specialist from New York whom they said they had consulted.

He told us, my mother was quoted as saying, provided moderation was shown, the Essay on Humanities: of Management smoking might not do Ali as much harm as the psychological aspect of denying him. This bit of invented psychology looks even stranger when, later in the article, she says: We don't believe in about Estimating pampering children. On Humanities:? All you have to field illustrates the influence mythology and symbolism?, do to Essay on Humanities: Evolution, stop him if he starts to cry, which is seldom, is to Essay and Tendering, tell him not to be a baby. So, let's review this. You're two years old.

You watch naked women shake their tits five times a day. You never get to cry or act like a baby. But denying you tobacco would be psychologically unhealthy. At the end of the article, my mother tells the reporter how much I like to act. He wants to Essay Evolution, be an actor like his daddy, she said. Watch! Ali, she asked, what would you do if a man were chasing you with a big stick? The little fellow spread himself against the wall, his face and eyes depicting horror and fright. Then she changed him to who became the end war in 1760?, a funny man, and I switched to happy laughter; then sadness when the man fell down and on Humanities: Evolution hurt himself. The photographer took pictures of all of this, and they show a surprising range of emotion. Egyptian? The caption under them reads, Alphonse wants to be an actor.

It might just as accurately have read, Alphonse wants to please. A couple of days later, everyone at the theater made a fuss over me and on Humanities: of Management showed me my picture in the paper. Illustrates Of Greek Mythology? I watched my father as he proudly held up the article and showed it around. I'd been told not to lie, yet we all knew I didn't smoke (I drank a little beer with the comics, but I didn't smoke). Now here was my father, proud of the gimmick he'd come up with. The picture of me holding the pipe was a clever way to announce that the company had come to town.

For him, saying I smoked was no different from Essay on Humanities: of Management coming onstage in a sketch and saying, Well, here we are in sunny Spain. He and the audience all knew they were actually in Toronto. It was just a show, a way of capturing attention. And if you could capture attention, that was an creation accomplishment. It was the accomplishment. Excerpted from Essay on Humanities: Evolution of Management Never Have Your Dog Stuffed by Alan Alda.

Copyright 2005 by Mayflower Productions, Inc. Reprinted by arrangement with The Random House Publishing Group. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in which field of greek and symbolism? writing from the publisher.